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| Urban Affairs and Planning
UAP FACULTY BIOS
DAVID BIERI, Associate Professor
POSITION & CONTACT INFO
Dr. David Bieri is Associate Professor of Urban Affairs and Affiliate Associate Professor of Economics at Virginia Tech, with a joint appointment in the Global Forum on Urban and Regional Resilience. He also holds an endowed appointment as Junior Faculty Fellow in the VT Program in Real Estate. Bieri’s current research examines “money and the metropolis”, focusing on the dynamics of urbanization and the evolutionary development of the monetary–financial system as a joint historical process. His other research examines regulatory aspects of international finance, global monetary governance, and their role in the process of financialization. He also writes about the history of economic thought.
Prior to joining the faculty at Virginia Tech, David was a faculty member at Taubman College at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. From 1999 until 2006, he held various senior positions at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) in Basel, Switzerland, most recently as the Adviser to the CEO. He was also Head of Business Development in which capacity he was responsible for new financial products and reserve management advisory for central banks. Prior to his work in central banking, David worked as a high-yield analyst at Bankers Trust in London and in fixed-income syndication at UBS in Zürich.
2017 – : Virginia Tech: Affiliate Associate Professor of Economics
2016 – : Virginia Tech: Junior Real Estate Faculty Fellow (endowed)
2015 – : Virginia Tech: Associate Professor of Public Policy
2010 – 2014: University of Michigan, Ann Arbor: Assistant Professor
ADMINISTRATIVE AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
1999 – 2006: Bank for International Settlements, Basel, Switzerland:
Adviser to the General Manager & CEO (2005–2006)
Economist, Monetary & Economic Department (2004–2005)
Head of Business Development, Banking Department (2002–2004)
Investment Analyst, Banking Department (1999–2002)
1998 – 1999: Bankers Trust International, London: Fixed-Income High Yield Analyst
Ph.D.: Virginia Tech, School of Public & International Affairs (2010), Dissertation: “Location Choice, Linkages and the Spatial Economy”
M.Sc.: University of Durham, UK. Corporate & International Finance (1998)
B.Sc. (Hons): London School of Economics & Political Science, Economics (1997)
JOHN BROWDER, Professor (in memoriam)
POSITION & CONTACT INFO
Professor, Urban Affairs and Planning, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Tribute, by Ralph Hall
Tribute, by Jim Bohland
Tribute, by John Randolph
1997-2017 Professor, Urban Affairs and Planning, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
1996-2017 Adjunct Professor, School of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of Michigan
1994-1995 Visiting Scholar/Adjunct Associate Professor, School of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of Michigan
Visiting Scholar, Tropical Conservation and Development Program, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida (Spring)
1991-1997 Associate Professor, Urban Affairs and Planning, Adjunct Professor, Department of Geography, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
1988-1991 Assistant Professor, Urban Affairs and Planning, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA
1986-1988 Visiting Assistant Professor of Planning and Geography, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA
1982 Teaching Assistant, Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
ADMINISTRATIVE AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
2007-2013 Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, College of Architecture and Urban Studies, Virginia Tech
1984-1985 Research Associate, Centro de Estudos Avançados Amazônicas (Center for Advanced Amazon Studies), Federal University of Para, Belém, Brazil
2006-2008 National Science Foundation, Geography and Regional Science, $150,721
Collaborative research grant, Globalization, Deforestation, and the Cattle Sector of the Brazilian Amazon.
2002-2004 National Science Foundation, Geography and Regional Science, $240,000
Collaborative research grant: “Patterns and Process of Landscape Change in the Brazilian Amazon” (with Michigan State University)
1996-97 International Foundation, $9,500 / Conservation, Food and Health Foundation, $15,782
Both grants provided transition funding for the Rondônia Agroforestry Pilot Project Phase II to support agroforestry development and project monitoring and research.
1992-95 John and Teresa Heinz Charitable Trust, $250,000
“Rondônia Agroforestry Pilot Project.” A Three year seed grant to initiate a an agroforestry demonstration project on 50 small farms involving 25 different native species of timber, fruit, and latex-producing species.
1993-94 National Science Foundation, Geography and Regional Science, $26,741
Competitive research grant, “Analysis of Multispectral Remote Sensing Data Recording Changes in Agricultural Land Uses in the Brazilian Amazon Region.”
1993 Center for Latin American Studies, University of Pittsburgh, $24,300
Competitive research fellowship, ”Amazon Forest Conservation and the Small Farm Cattle Sector in Rondônia, Brazil.”
1992-93 National Aeronautics and Space Administration, $56,557
Competitive research grant, “A Comparative Evaluation of Landsat TM and SPOT MSS Systems in Differentiating Vegetative Formations in a Tropical Forest Environment Undergoing Extensive Human Disturbance.” Earth System Science Program.
1990 National Science Foundation, Geography and Regional Science, $59,688
Competitive research grant, “Frontier Urbanization in the Brazilian Amazon: Implications for Regional Development.” Comparative urban study of 2,000 households in 6 Amazon urban settlements in Pará and Rondônia states.
1990 Agency for International Development, $36,314
Two competitive research grants under the SARSA Cooperative Agreement:
(1) “Tropical Forest Conservation and Sustainable Development.” Successfully completed household survey of 115 colonist farms in the Brazilian Amazon State of Rondônia on social factors influencing rural land use decisions.
(2) “Household Production for Peri Urban Development.” Coordinated faculty team project involving surveys of 300 peri urban households in Jakarta, Bangkok, and Santiago, Chile. Office of Rural and Institutional Development.
Ph.D., City and Regional Planning, University of Pennsylvania, 1986
M.F.A., Graduate School of Fine Arts, The University of Pennsylvania, 1983
M.P.A., School of Gov’t and Public Administration, The American University, 1977
B.A., American History, Political Science, Art History, The College of Wooster, Ohio, 1974
1. Browder, John O. and Brian J. Godfrey. 2007 Cidades da Floresta: Urbanização, Desenvolvimento, e Globalização da Amazonia Brasileira. Translation by Gisele Goldstein. Manaus: Editora da Universidade Federal da Amazonas.
2. Browder, John O. and Brian J. Godfrey. 1997. Rainforest Cities: Urbanization, Development and Globalization of the Brazilian Amazon (New York: Columbia University Press).
3. Thrupp, Lori Ann, Susanna B. Hecht and John O. Browder. 1997. The Diversity and Dynamics of Shifting Cultivation: Myths, Realities and Policy Implications. Washington, D.C. World Resources Institute.
4. Browder, John O. (ed). 1989. Fragile Lands of Latin America: Strategies for Sustainable Development. (Boulder: Westview Press).
Browder, John O. 2002. “Reading Colonist Landscapes: Social Factors Influencing Land Use Decisions by Small Farmers in the Brazilian Amazon.” In Charles H. Wood and Roberto Porro (eds.). Deforestation and Land Use in the Amazon. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, pp.218-240.
Browder, John O. 1996. “Reading Colonist Landscapes: Social Interpretations of Tropical Forest Patches in an Amazonian Agricultural Frontier.” In John Schlehas and Russell Greenberg (eds.), Forest Patches in Tropical Landscapes. (Washington, D.C.: Island Press). Pp. 285-299.
Browder, John O. 1993. “Alternative Rainforest Uses” In Susan E. Place (ed.), Tropical Rainforests: Nature and Society in Transition (Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, Inc.). Pp. 200-209.
Browder, John O. 1992. “Extractive Reserves and the Future of the Amazon’s Rainforests: Some Cautionary Observations.” In Simon Counsell and Tim Rice (eds.), The Rainforest Harvest: Sustainable Strategies for Saving Tropical Forests. (London, U.K.: Friends of the Earth Trust, Ltd.). Pp. 224-235.
Rowe, Raymond, Narendra Sharma, and John O. Browder. 1992. “Deforestation: Problems, Causes and Concerns.” In Narendra Sharma (ed.), Managing the World’s Forests: Looking for Balance Between Conservation and Development. (Dubuque, IO: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company). Pp. 33-45.
Browder, John O. 1991. “Alternative Rainforest Uses.” In Joseph S. Tulchin (ed.), Economic Development and Environmental Protection in Latin America. (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner). Pp. 45-54.
Browder, John O. 1989. “Development Alternatives for Tropical Rainforests.”In H. Jeffrey Leonard (ed.), Environmental Strategies for Meeting Human Needs: Poverty and Sustainable Development in the 1990s. (Washington, D.C.: Earthscan Press). Pp. 111-134.
Browder, John O. 1988. “Public Policy and Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon.” In Robert Repetto and Malcolm Gillis (eds.), Public Policy and the Misuse of Forest Resources. (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press). Pp. 247-298.
Browder, John O. and Jennifer L. Gagnon. 2010. Sustainable Forestry. Encyclopedia of Geography. New York: Sage Publications.
Browder, John O. and Marcos A. Pedlowski, Robert Walker, Randolph H. Wynne, Percy M. Summers, Ana Abad, Nancy Becerra-Cordoba, and Joao Mil-Homens, 2008. Revisiting Theories of Frontier Expansion in the Brazilian Amazon: A Survey of the Colonist Farming Population inn Rondonia’s Post-frontier, 1992-2002. World Development 36(8):1469-1492.
Walker, Robert, John Browder, Eugenio Arima, Cynthia Simmons, Ritaumaria Pereira, Marcellus Calda, Ricardo Shirota, Sergio de Zen. 2008. Ranching and the new Global Range: Amazônia in the 21st Century. Geoforum 10:1016.
Wynne, Randolph H., Katherine A. Joseph, John O. Browder, and Percy M. Summers. 2007 Comparing Farmer-based and Satellite-derived Deforestation estimates in the Amazon Basin Using a Hybrid Classifier. International Journal of Remote Sensing 28(6): 1299-1315.
Aldrich, Stephen P., Robert Walker, Eugenio Arima, Marcellus Caldas, John Browder and Stephen Perz. 2006. Land Cover and Land Use Change in the Brazilian Amazon: Smallholders, Ranchers, and Frontier Stratification. Economic Geography 82(3): 265-288.
Joseph, K.A., R. H. Wynne, J.O. Browder, and J.B. Campbell (2007). Comparison of Segment and Pixel-based Non-parametric Land Cover Classification in the Brazilian Amazon Using Multi-temporal Landsat TM/ETM+ Imagery. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 73(7): 813-827.
Browder, John O., Marcos A. Pedlowski, and Percy M. Summers. 2004. Land Use Patterns in the Brazilian Amazon: Comparative Farm-Level Evidence from Rondônia. Human Ecology32(2), April.
Browder, John O., Randolph H. Wynne, and Marcos A. Pedlowski. 2005. Agroforestry Diffusion and Secondary Forest Regeneration in the Brazilian Amazon: Further Findings from the Rondônia Agroforestry Pilot Project (1992-2002). Agroforestry Systems, 65:99-111.
Summers, Percy M., John O. Browder, and Marcos A. Pedlowski. 2004. Tropical Forest Management and Silvicultural Practices by Small Farmers in the Brazilian Amazon: Recent Farm-Level Evidence from Rondônia. Forest Ecology and Management, 192: 161-177.
Browder, John O. 2003. The Urban-Rural Interface: Urbanization and Tropical Forest Cover Change. Urban Ecosystems 6:21-41.
Browder, John O. 2002. Conservation and Development Projects in the Brazilian Amazon: Lessons from the Community Initiative Program in Rondônia. Environmental Management 29(6):750-762.
Browder, John O. and Marcos A. Pedlowski.2000. Agroforestry Performance on Small Farms in Amazonia: Findings from the Rondonia Agroforestry Pilot Project. Agroforestry Systems 49: 63-83.
Godfrey, Brian J. and John O. Browder. 1996. Disarticulated Urbanization in the Brazilian Amazon. The Geographical Review 86(3):441-445.
Browder, John O. and Eraldo Aparecido Trondoli Matricardi and Wilson Soares Abdala. 1996. Is Sustainable Tropical Timber Production Financially Viable? A Comparative Analysis of Mahogany Silviculture Among Small Farmers in the Brazilian Amazon. Ecological Economics vol. 16: 147-159.
Browder, John O. 1995. Deforestation and the Environmental Crisis in Latin America. Latin American Research Review 30(3, October): 123-135.
Browder, John O. 1995. Redemptive Communities: Indigenous Knowledge, Colonist Farming Systems, and Conservation of Tropical Forests. Agriculture and Human Values 12(2, Winter): 17-30.
Browder, John O. and James R. Bohland, Joseph L. Scarpaci. 1995. Patterns of Development on the Metropolitan Fringe: Urban Fringe Expansion in Bangkok, Jakarta, and Santiago. Journal of the American Planning Association. Summer: 310-327.
Browder, John O. 1994. Surviving in Rondônia: The Dynamics of Colonist Farming Strategies in Brazil’s Northwest Frontier. Studies in Comparative International Development 29(3, Fall): 45-69.
Campbell, James and John O. Browder. 1994. Field Data Collection for Remote Sensing Analysis: SPOT Data, Rondônia, Brazil. International Journal of Remote Sensing Vol. 15:1-18.
Browder, John O. 1992. The Limits of Extractivism: Tropical Forest Strategies Beyond Extractive Reserves. Bioscience 42(3): 174-182.
Browder, John O. and Jose Antonio Borello. 1992. The State and the Crisis of Planning in Latin America. Journal of Planning Literature 6(4): 369-377.
Browder, John O. 1992. Social and Economic Constraints on the Development of Market-Oriented Extractive Systems in Amazon Rain Forests. Advances in Economic Botany Vol. 9: 33-41.
Browder, John O. 1990. Extractive Reserves Will Not Save Tropical Forests. Bioscience 40(9): 627.
Browder, John O. and Brian J. Godfrey. 1990. Urbanization of the Amazonian Settlement Frontier: Landscape Change and Urban Transition. Yearbook of the Conference of Latin American Geographers. Pp. 56-66.
Browder, John O. 1989. Lumber Production and Economic Development in the Brazilian Amazon: Regional Trends and a Case Study. Journal of World Forest Resource Management 4(1): 1-19.
Browder, John O. 1988. The Social Costs of Rain Forest Destruction: A Critique and Economic Analysis of the Hamburger Debate. Interciencia 13(2): 115-120.
Browder, John O. 1988. The Geography of Development or the Development of Geography: Recent Texts on Latin America, (review essay). Latin American Research Review 24(1): 250-260.
Browder, John O. 1987. Brazil’s Export Promotion Policy (1980-84): Impacts on the Amazon’s Industrial Wood Sector. Journal of Developing Areas, Vol. 21: 285-304.
RALPH BUEHLER, Associate Professor and Chair
POSITION & CONTACT INFO
Associate Professor and Chair
(1) The influence of transport policy, land use, socio-demographics on travel behavior
(2) Active travel and public health
(3) Public transport demand, supply, financial efficiency, and policy
Ralph’s research, outreach, and teaching seek to advance the understanding of determinants of individual travel behavior and the sustainability of transport systems. The goal is to identify and share policy lessons on how to achieve a more environmentally sound, economically efficient, and socially equitable urban transport system. Leveraging a comparative analysis framework, his research effectively contrasts travel behavior, socioeconomic factors, land use, transport policies, and the sustainability of transport systems at city, regional, and national scales in North America and Western Europe. Couched in solid theoretical frameworks and including national and international best practices, his work helps inform policy makers and contributes to the development of students in the field of planning.
Born and raised in Germany, he has gained research and work experience in his home country, the UK, France, and the USA. Ralph holds a PhD in Planning and Public Policy and a Masters of City and Regional Studies from Rutgers University, as well as a Masters in Politics and Management from the University of Konstanz, Germany. His dissertation “Transport Policies, Travel Behavior, and Sustainability: A Comparison of Germany and the U.S.” was honored with the “Barclay Gibbs Jones Award for Best Dissertation in Planning 2008” by the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning (ACSP).
For a pdf version of the
CV click here.
Virginia Tech, School of Public and International Affairs, Urban Affairs & Planning
o Associate Professor (with tenure), 2013-present
o Assistant Professor (tenure track), 2008-2013
o Metropolitan Institute, Virginia Tech, Faculty Fellow, 2009-present
Virginia Center for Transportation Innovation and Research (MATS-UTC), Planning for walking and cycling in an automated vehicle future. My role: PI, 2017-2018.
Virginia Center for Transportation Innovation and Research (MATS-UTC), Multi-city, national-scale direct-demand models of peak-period bicycle and pedestrian traffic. My role: Co-PI, 2016-2017.
European Commission & UN Habitat. State of European Cities Report. Chapter on urban transport. My role: PI (joint), 2015-2016.
Harvard University & Volvo Foundation. Transforming Urban Transport. Case Study Vienna, Austria. My role: PI (joint), 2014-2016.
Mid-Atlantic Transportation Sustainability University Transportation Center (MATS-UTC). Designing a bicycle and pedestrian traffic count program to estimate performance measures on streets and sidewalks in Blacksburg. My role: adviser, 2014-2016.
Mid-Atlantic University Transportation Center (MAUTC), Regional Coordination in Public Transportation: Lessons for the United States. My role: PI, 2013-2015
Mid-Atlantic University Transportation Center (MAUTC), Bikesharing and Economic Benefits. My role: PI, 2013-2014
Mid-Atlantic University Transportation Center (MAUTC), Multimodal Travel Behavior in Virginia, the Mid-Atlantic Region, and the USA. My role: PI, 2012-2013.
Virginia Tech Institute for Society Culture and Environment, support for proposal development for “Integrating Planning for Sustainable Economic Development and Transport: Lessons from Cities in Transition in Western Europe and the United States.” My role: CO-PI with Margaret Cowell, 2012.
Daimler Foundation/American Institute for Contemporary German Studies, Transportation Planning and Sustainability in North America and Germany: The Cases of Stuttgart and Northern Virginia. My role: CO-PI for national level analysis and Northern Virginia, 2012.
Institut fuer Angewandte Sozialwissenschaft (INFAS), State and Future Potential of Electric Mobility in Western Europe, North America, and Asia. My role: Co-PI for USA, 2011. (link)
Mid-Atlantic Universities Transportation Center (MAUTC), Analysis of Determinants of Bicycle Use in the Washington Metropolitan Area. My role: PI, 2009-2011. (link)
IFMO/BMW, Analysis of trends in young people’s mobility patterns in the United States, as part of an international research team studying trends in nine countries. My role: CO-PI for USA. 2010. (link to final report in German)
Alliance for Biking and Walking, Benchmarking Cycling and Walking in the USA. My role: Research Consultant 2008-
Virginia Tech Institute for Society Culture and Environment, Proposal Revision Support for “Metropolitan Climate Change Policies: Comparative analysis and policy exchange between Europe and the United States“ (with S. Hirt, J. Randolph, G. Reichard). My role: CO-PI for research on transport policy and planning in Germany. Summer 2010.
U.S. Department for Housing and Urban Development. Livable Communities Initiative. “Strategies to Increase Affordable Housing near Transit.”(with Casey Dawkins). My role: CO-PI on Virginia Tech part of the project.
University Transportation Research Center II, Rutgers University, Virginia Tech, CO-PI, Analysis of Bicycling Trends and Policies in Large American Cities, CO-PI, 2009-2010.
Thunderhead Alliance, Research Consultant, 2006-2007, Consulting and data analysis for a project connecting walking and cycling to public health in U.S. cities and States; funded by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
German Institute of Economic Research, (DIW), CO-PI, 2006-2008, Analyzing and explaining differences and similarities in travel behavior in Germany and the U.S.
Rutgers University, Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, New Brunswick, NJ:
– PhD in Planning and Public Policy, 2008 (Note: Dissertation honored with the “Barclay Gibbs Jones Award for Best Dissertation in Planning 2008” by the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning (ASCP))
– Graduate Certificate in Transportation Studies, 2004;
– Master of City and Regional Studies, 2002
University of Constance, Department of Public Policy and Management, Konstanz, Germany:
– Master of Public Policy and Management, 2003 (German “Diplom”)
Sorbonne-Panthéon, Paris, France, Administration Économique, Exchange Student, 2000-2001
City Cycling Book
Link to Book Website
Bicycling in cities is booming, for many reasons: health and environmental benefits, time and cost savings, more and better bike lanes and paths, innovative bike sharing programs, and the sheer fun of riding. City Cycling offers a guide to this urban cycling renaissance, with the goal of promoting cycling as sustainable urban transportation available to everyone. It reports on cycling trends and policies in cities in North America, Europe, and Australia, and offers information on such topics as cycling safety, cycling infrastructure provisions including bikeways and bike parking, the wide range of bike designs and bike equipment, integration of cycling with public transportation, and promoting cycling for women and children.
City Cycling emphasizes that bicycling should not be limited to those who are highly trained, extremely fit, and daring enough to battle traffic on busy roads. The chapters describe ways to make city cycling feasible, convenient, and safe for commutes to work and school, shopping trips, visits, and other daily transportation needs. The book also offers detailed examinations and illustrations of cycling conditions in different urban environments: small cities (including Davis, California, and Delft, the Netherlands), large cities (including Sydney, Chicago, Toronto and Berlin), and “megacities” (London, New York, Paris, and Tokyo). These chapters offer a closer look at how cities both with and without historical cycling cultures have developed cycling programs over time. The book makes clear that successful promotion of city cycling depends on coordinating infrastructure, programs, and government policies.
MIT Press. Urban and Industrial Environments series.
Reports to Governments
Buehler, R., Zimmerman, M., and Lukacs, K. 2015. Regional Coordination of Public Transportation: Lessons from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. Report prepared for the Mid- Atlantic University Transportation Research Consortium (MAUTC), University Park, PA as part of the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Washington, D.C.
Buehler, R., Hamre, A. 2014. “Economic Benefits of Capital Bikeshare: A Focus on Users and Businesses,” Report prepared for the Mid-Atlantic University Transportation Research Consortium (MAUTC), University Park, PA as part of the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Washington, D.C.
Buehler, R., Hamre, A. 2013. “Multimodal Travel Behavior in the United States,” Report prepared for the Mid-Atlantic University Transportation Research Consortium (MAUTC), University Park, PA as part of the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Washington, D.C.
Buehler, R., Hamre, A., Sonenklar, D., Goger, P. 2011. “Trends and Determinants of Cycling in the Washington, DC Region,” Report prepared for the U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Washington, DC, and the Mid- Atlantic University Transportation Research Consortium (MAUTC), University Park, PA.
Pucher, J., Buehler, R. 2011. “Analysis of Bicycling Trends and Policies in Large North American Cities: Lessons for New York,” Report for U. S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Washington, D.C. and UTRC II New York.
Dawkins, C., Buehler, R. 2011. “Promoting Affordable Housing Near Public Transit: The Role of Planning,” Report for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, D.C.
Buehler, R., Kunert, U. 2008. “Trends und Determinanten des Verkehrsverhaltens in den USA und Deutschland / Trends and Determinants of Travel Behavior in Germany and the USA,” Report to the German Federal Ministry of Transportation and Urban Development (173 pages).
Buehler, R. 2008. “Transport Policies, Travel Behavior, and Sustainability: A Comparison of Germany and the U.S.” Doctoral Dissertation; E.J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University; honored with the “Barclay Gibbs Jones Award for Best Dissertation in Planning 2008” by the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning.
Book Chapters and Encyclopedia Entries
Buehler, R., Stowe, J. 2015. “Bicycling in the Washington, DC Region: Trends in Ridership and Policies Since 1990,” In: Hyra, D., Prince, S. (eds.) Capital Dilemma: Growth and Inequality in Washington, DC. New York: Routledge, 180-206.
Buehler, R. 2014.“Public Transportation Ridership,” SAGE Encyclopedia of Transportation.
Buehler, R., Hamre, A. 2014. “Bicycle-Transit Linkages,” SAGE Encyclopedia of Transportation.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J. 2014. “Urban Transport: Promoting Sustainability in Germany,” In: Keleman, D. (ed.), Lessons from Europe: What Americans can Learn from European Public Policies. CQ Press.
Pucher, J., Buehler, R., Bassett, D., Dannenberg, A. 2012. “Walking and Cycling to Health: Recent Evidence from City, State, and International Comparisons,” In: Greavers, S. and Garrard, J. (eds.), Transport, the Environment and Public Health: Classic Papers on Non-motorised Travel. Edward Elgar. (Note: reprint of article)
Buehler, R. 2010. “Traffic Calming,” In: Robbins, P. (ed.) SAGE Reference Series on Green Society. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Buehler, R. 2010. “Transportation,” In: Dutch, I.E. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, pp. 993-994.
Pucher, J., Buehler, R. 2005. “Transport Policy in Post-Communist Europe,” In: Hensher, D., A. and Button, D. J. (eds.), Handbooks in Transportation. London: Elsevier, 2005, pp. 725-743.
Buehler, R. 2011. “Sustainable Transportation—Problems and Solutions,” Book Review, In: Journal of Planning Education and Research. Vol. 31, No. 4, pp 471-473.
Buehler, R. accepted. “Transport for Suburbia – Beyond the Automobile Age,” Book Review, In: Canadian Journal of Urban Research. Forthcoming 2011.
Buehler, R. 2006. “Making Urban Transportation Sustainable,” Book Review, In: Journal of the American Planning Association. Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 370-371.
Buehler, R. 2015. The Policy Problem. America’s Transportation Revolution. The European Blog.
Buehler, R. 2015. Germany’s Green City: A Journey Toward Sustainable Transportation Planning. CURB Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 12-13
Pucher, J., Buehler, R. 2014. Cycling Boom in Small and Mid-Sized Cities. The Atlantic Cities/CityLab, blog.
Buehler, R., 2014. “9 Reasons the U.S. Ended Up So Much More Car-Dependent Than Europe,” The Atlantic Cities, blog.
Buehler, R., Jung, W., Hamre, A., and P. Stoddard. 2013. Transportation and Land-Use Planning in Germany and the U.S.: Lessons from the Stuttgart and Washington, DC Regions. AICGS Report Number 53. American Institute for Contemporary German Studies, Washington, DC.
Buehler, R. 2012. Daily Travel and CO2 Emissions from Passenger Transport: A Comparison of Germany and the United States. Essay in Transatlantic Perspectives Series, American Institute for Contemporary German Studies, Washington, DC.
Buehler, R., Keeley, M., Jungjohann, A., and M. Mehling. 2011. How Germany Became Europe’s Green Leader: A Look at Four Decades of Sustainable Policymaking. The Solutions Journal, Vol. 2, No.5.
Buehler, R. 2010. “Lance Armstong and I/Lance Armstong und ich,” Automotive Agenda, Special Volume on “Cities and the Automobile/Stadt und Auto,” Vol. 3, No. 8, p.86, Springer Automotive Media.
Buehler, R. 2010. “Viewpoint: How can the stigma of public transport as the ‘poor man’s vehicle’ be overcome to enhance sustainability and climate change mitigation?” Natural Resources Forum-A United Nations Sustainable Development Journal, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2010, p. 327.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J., Kunert, U. 2010. “Making Transportation Sustainable: Insights from Germany,” Planung Neu Denken, Vol. 5, No.2, 2010, (official reprint of Brookings Institution Report listed above).
Buehler, R., Lovrien, N. 2008. “Using National Travel Data in State Energy Master Planning: Gaps and Opportunities in National Transportation Data,” (peer-reviewed conference proceedings). Transportation Research Board annual meeting, Washington, D.C.
Buehler, R. “Urban Development in Mega-Cities in Developing Countries,” KOPS Master Thesis, Konstanz, 2003.
Published Letters to the Editor:
Buehler, R. 2010. “Response to: Where Bikes Rule,” Public Management (PM) Magazine, International City/County Management Association (ICMA) Press, Vol.92 (8).
Buehler, R. 2009. “Mixed-use Works Well in Downtown,” Badische Zeitung, Germany.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J., Kunert, U. 2008. “Can We Find a New Way to Get Home?” published letter to the editor responding to Paul Krugman’s column “Stranded in Suburbia,” New York Times.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J. 2017. “Have Walking and Cycling Become Safer? Recent Evidence from High-Income Countries, with a Focus on the United States and Germany,” American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 107, No. 2, pp. 281–287.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J., Altshuler, A. 2017. “Vienna’s Path to Sustainable Transport,“ International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, Vol. 11, No. 4, 257-271.
Buehler, R., J. Pucher, R. Gerike, T. Goetschi. 2017. “Reducing car dependence in the heart of Europe: Lessons from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland,” Transport Reviews, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp 4-28.
Buehler, R., Dill, J. 2016. “Bikeway networks: A review of effects on cycling,” Transport Reviews. Vol. 36, No. 1, pages 9-27.
Pucher, J., Buehler, R. 2016. “Safer Cycling Through Improved Infrastructure,” American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 116, No. 12, pp 2089-2090. (Note: Invited Editorial).
Buehler, R., Götschi, T., Winters, M. 2016. “Moving Toward Active Transportation: How Policies Can Encourage Walking and Bicycling,” San Diego, CA: Active Living Research. (peer reviewed research brief).
Buehler, R., Hamre, A. 2016. ”An Examination of Recent Trends in Multimodal Travel Behavior Among American Motorists,” International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, Vol. 10, No.4, 354-364.
Buehler, R., Hamre, A. 2015. ”The multimodal majority? Driving, walking, cycling, and public transportation use among American adults,” Transportation, Volume 42, Issue 6,pp 1081-1101. Here is a link to a related poster presented at the TRB annual meeting.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J. 2012. “Cycling to Work in 90 Large American Cities: New Evidence on the Role of Bike Paths and Lanes,” Transportation, Vol. 39, 2, pp. 409-432.
Buehler, R., Keeley, M., Jungjohann, A., and M. Mehling. 2011. How Germany Became Europe’s Green Leader: A Look at Four Decades of Sustainable Policymaking. The Solutions Journal, Vol. 2, No.5.
Buehler, R., Pucher, R., Merom, D., Bauman, A. “Active Travel in Germany and the USA: Contributions of Daily Walking and Cycling to Physical Activity,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 40, No. 9, September 2011, pp. 241-250. Abstract.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J. “Cycling to Work in 90 Large American Cities: New Evidence on the Role of Bike Paths and Lanes,” Transportation, Vol. 38, 2011, in press.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J. 2011. “Making Public Transport Financially Sustainable,” Transport Policy, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 128-136.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J. 2011. “Sustainable Transport in Freiburg: Lessons from Germany’s Environmental Capital,” International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, Vol. 5, pp. 43-70.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J., Kunert, U. 2009. “Making Transportation Sustainable: Insights from Germany,” Washington DC: The Brookings Institution, Metropolitan Policy Program, (38 pages plus statistical appendix).
Buehler, R. 2011. “Determinants of Mode Choice: A Comparison of Germany and the USA,” Transport Geography, Vol. 19, pp. 644-657.
Buehler, R. 2010. “Transport Policies, Automobile Use, and Sustainable Transportation: A Comparison of Germany and the USA,” Journal of Planning Education and Research, Vol. 30, pp. 76-93.
MAGGIE COWELL, Associate Professor
POSITION & CONTACT INFO
(1) Economic Development
(2) Community Resilience
I am an Assistant Professor of Urban Affairs and Planning at Virginia Tech. Since 2004, I have been a member of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation-funded research project, “Building Resilient Regions.” I am also part of a team of researchers assessing the potential of the homeland security economy for community economic development at the St. Elizabeths Hospital site in Southeast Washington, DC. My research has been funded by the Kauffman Foundation, MacArthur Foundation, National Association of Counties, and the United States Economic Development Administration. In 2014, I published a book manuscript, Dealing with Deindustrialization: Adaptive Resilience in Eight Midwestern Regions (Routledge).
For a pdf version of the
CV click here.
In scholarship and in practice, my primary goal is to shed light on the unique relationship between governance, economic development interventions, and regional resilience. My research approach includes quantitative analysis of medium size datasets and qualitative case study research at the community, city, and regional scales. Much of my early case study work was done independently, but more recent efforts have led to collaborations with other scholars and practitioners, which has in turn increased my exposure to other pertinent case study areas and to other methods of inquiry. As these collaborative efforts have increased in number, so too have invitations to participate and speak at national and international events in Davos, Dublin, London, Manchester, and Paris, all of which have helped me to expand the recognition and impact of my scholarly contributions. My current focus is on the resilience of regions and regional economies, especially during periods of transition. Within this framework, my scholarly endeavors generally fall within the two main areas of economic development and regional resilience.
Most of my research focuses on the people who have been most affected by deindustrialization and economic abandonment, both of which historically have disproportionately affected low-income and minority populations. Finding solutions to enable these populations through economic and community development interventions is a central motivation of this research and a primary motivation of my scholarship and outreach efforts in general. Another important area of research involves leveraging federal investments in a way that links disenfranchised citizens of Washington, DC to job and business opportunities that result from that investment. I am currently working on a number of articles and funding proposals that continue exploring the potential for this type of collaboration at the St. Elizabeth’s project site in Southeast DC.
My work on economic development in distressed regions has resulted in a number of publications and presentations as well as teaching and service opportunities. My most significant contributions in this area stem from an ongoing assessment of the innovation cluster potential at a new Department of Homeland Security (DHS) facility in a severely disenfranchised Washington, DC neighborhood known as St. Elizabeths. The main thrust of this Economic Development Administration-funded project involved an economic analysis of the DHS economy and its role in the Capital Region as well as interviews and focus groups with DHS employees, related contractors, and neighborhood groups. The collaborative, four-phased project resulted in the recent completion of a “District Planning and Implementation Strategy for an Innovation Cluster at St Elizabeths”, which will serve as an important framework for development occurring at St. Elizabeths. Collaborators for this project include Dr. John Provo from Virginia Tech’s (VT) Office of Economic Development (OED) and Dr. Heike Mayer from the University of Bern, Switzerland. Dr. Mayer and I are presently exploring funding opportunities to continue our study of this neighborhood as it undergoes transformation.
Cowell, M., Mayer, H. (2014). Anchor Institutions and Disenfranchised Communities: Lessons for DHS and St. Elizabeths. In Robert Silverman and Kelly Patterson (Eds.), Re-Thinking Revitalization in the Inner-City: Schools and Other Institutions in the Community Development Process. Routledge.
Mayer, H., Cowell, M. (2013). Capital Cities as Knowledge Hubs: The Economic Geography of Homeland Security Contracting. In Ben DeRudder (Ed.), Hub Cities in the Knowledge Economy. Ashgate.
Cowell, M., Provo, J. (in press). Reshoring and the ‘Manufacturing Moment’. In John Bryson, Jennifer Clark, Vida Vanchan (Eds.), The Handbook of Manufacturing Industries in the World Economy. Edward Elgar.
Cowell, M. Gainsborough, J, & Lowe, K. (forthcoming) Homogenized diversity: Economic visions in the Great Recession. Journal of Urban Affairs.
Cowell, M., Provo, J. Reshoring to Virginia (The Economic Development Studio @ VT).
Cowell, M., Mayer, H., Provo, J. (2012). DC Innovation Strategy for St. Elizabeths. Washington, DC.
Cowell, M. (Presenter), Invited Discussant. “Regional Systems and Regional Economic Growth.” Conference on Urban and Regional Policy and Its Effects, George Washington University, Washington, DC. (2010).
Cowell, M. (Presenter), DC Office of Planning, St. Elizabeths Scoping Meeting, DC Office of Planning, Washington, DC, “Innovation Strategy for St. Elizabeths”, Professional, State.(September 12, 2011).
Cowell, M. (Co-presenter), O’Brien, P. (Co-presenter), Ward 8 Roundtable Meeting, Ward 8 Councilmember Marion Barry’s Office, Washington, DC, “Employment, Business, and Workforce Opportunities at St. Elizabeths”, Non-Academic, State. (August 31, 2011).
Cowell, M. (Co-presenter), Provo, J. (Co-presenter), Invited by the International Economic Development Council to speak about Virginia Tech’s research role in the St. Elizabeths redevelopment project (December 2010).
Cowell, M. (Co-presenter), O’Brien, P. (Co-presenter), Presentations to District of Columbia’s Office of Planning on the St. Elizabeths project early findings (December 2010 and April 2011).
Co-facilitated panel on “Planning’s Role in Stabilizing and Expanding Communities” at Annual Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning Annual Conference (2010).
Cowell, M. (Co-presenter), Hyra, D. (Co-presenter), Gallaudet University, Washington, DC, “Economic Development Strategies”, Outreach, University, Invited. (April 17, 2013).
Cowell, M. (Co-presenter), Virginia Economic Development Partnership, Richmond, VA, “Reshoring to Virginia”, Professional, Regional, published elsewhere, Invited. (December 2, 2012).
Cowell, M. (Co-presenter), O’Brien, P. (Co-presenter), Ward 8 Roundtable Meeting, Ward 8 Councilmember Marion Barry’s Office, Washington, DC, “Employment, Business, and Workforce Opportunities at St. Elizabeths”, Non-Academic, State, published elsewhere, Invited. (August 1, 2012).
Much of my research emphasis is in the area of regional resilience and the identification of factors that increase or decrease a region’s resilience. To that end, I have long been a part of the MacArthur Foundation funded research network, “Building Resilient Regions” (BRR). For nearly ten years, this interdisciplinary team of scholars and practitioners has investigated why regions matter, what constitutes resilience in the face of various challenges, and what factors help to build and sustain regional resilience. My ongoing research efforts within BRR have resulted in three key publications: two co-authored papers (one in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society and one in Journal of Urban Affairs) and one sole-authored paper (in Cities). More recently, and to culminate the formal end of the ten year grant from MacArthur, I co-organized (with Dr. Rolf Pendall of the Urban Institute) a daylong symposium at the Urban Institute in Washington, DC.
Resilience is also the focus of my book project, which utilizes key stakeholder interviews to examine industrial Midwestern metropolitan regions in the United States as they struggled with the economic restructuring that began to unravel local economies during the early 1980s. The working title is, Dealing with Deindustrialization: Adaptive Resilience in Eight Midwestern Regions (to be published in 2014).
Along with Professor Joe Schilling of the Metropolitan Institute, I have also established a number of international research projects on the topic of community and regional resilience. In addition to organizing a panel on “Resilient Urban Regeneration” at the recent Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning conference in Dublin, I also co-facilitated (with J. Schilling) an international research symposium on “Shrinking Cities Scholarship.”
Cowell, M. (forthcoming 2014). Dealing with Deindustrialization: Adaptive Resilience in Eight Midwestern Regions.
Cowell, M., DeSouza, K. (in press). Micro-scale Disasters and Local Resiliency. In James Bohland and Jack Harrald (Eds.), The Resiliency Challenge: Transforming Theory to Action. Charles C Thomas Press.
Cowell, M. (2013). Bounce back or move on: Regional resilience and economic development planning. Cities, 30, 212-222.
Pendall, R., Foster, K. & Cowell, M. (2010). Resilience and regions: Building understanding of the metaphor. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 3(1), 71 – 84.
Cowell, M. (2012). Review of “Collaborative Resilience Moving Through Crisis to Opportunity“, Bruce Goldstein (Ed.) Columbus, OH in Journal of Planning Literature.
Cowell, M. (Presenter), Shrinking Cities Research Cafe, University College Dublin, Ireland. “On Resilient Urban Regeneration: Situating the Manchester Case.” Academic, International, Invited. (July 14, 2013).
Cowell, M. (Presenter), Invited Lecture. “Resilient Regions in the Wake of Deindustrialization.” Rutgers, Camden. Urban Studies Program. Camden, NJ. (2010).
Organized panel on “Resilient Urban Regeneration” at Annual Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning – Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Conference, Dublin, Ireland (July 2013).
Co-facilitated (with J. Schilling) international research symposium on “Shrinking Cities Scholarship” in Dublin, Ireland (July 2013).
OTHER RESEARCH AND PUBLICATIONS