Ralph Buehler

Ralph Buehler

Ralph Buehler

Virginia Tech, School of Public and International Affairs, Urban Affairs & Planning
o Associate Professor (with tenure), 2013-present
o Assistant Professor (tenure track), 2008-2013
o Metropolitan Institute, Virginia Tech, Faculty Fellow, 2009-present
Virginia Center for Transportation Innovation and Research (MATS-UTC), Planning for walking and cycling in an automated vehicle future. My role: PI, 2017-2018.

Virginia Center for Transportation Innovation and Research (MATS-UTC), Multi-city, national-scale direct-demand models of peak-period bicycle and pedestrian traffic. My role: Co-PI, 2016-2017.

European Commission & UN Habitat. State of European Cities Report. Chapter on urban transport. My role: PI (joint), 2015-2016.

Harvard University & Volvo Foundation. Transforming Urban Transport. Case Study Vienna, Austria. My role: PI (joint), 2014-2016.

Mid-Atlantic Transportation Sustainability University Transportation Center (MATS-UTC). Designing a bicycle and pedestrian traffic count program to estimate performance measures on streets and sidewalks in Blacksburg. My role: adviser, 2014-2016.

Mid-Atlantic University Transportation Center (MAUTC), Regional Coordination in Public Transportation: Lessons for the United States. My role: PI, 2013-2015

Mid-Atlantic University Transportation Center (MAUTC), Bikesharing and Economic Benefits. My role: PI, 2013-2014

Mid-Atlantic University Transportation Center (MAUTC), Multimodal Travel Behavior in Virginia, the Mid-Atlantic Region, and the USA. My role: PI, 2012-2013.

Virginia Tech Institute for Society Culture and Environment, support for proposal development for “Integrating Planning for Sustainable Economic Development and Transport: Lessons from Cities in Transition in Western Europe and the United States.” My role: CO-PI with Margaret Cowell, 2012.

Daimler Foundation/American Institute for Contemporary German Studies, Transportation Planning and Sustainability in North America and Germany: The Cases of Stuttgart and Northern Virginia. My role: CO-PI for national level analysis and Northern Virginia, 2012.

Institut fuer Angewandte Sozialwissenschaft (INFAS), State and Future Potential of Electric Mobility in Western Europe, North America, and Asia. My role: Co-PI for USA, 2011. (link)

Mid-Atlantic Universities Transportation Center (MAUTC), Analysis of Determinants of Bicycle Use in the Washington Metropolitan Area. My role: PI, 2009-2011. (link)

IFMO/BMW, Analysis of trends in young people’s mobility patterns in the United States, as part of an international research team studying trends in nine countries. My role: CO-PI for USA. 2010. (link to final report in German)

Alliance for Biking and Walking, Benchmarking Cycling and Walking in the USA. My role: Research Consultant 2008-

Virginia Tech Institute for Society Culture and Environment, Proposal Revision Support for “Metropolitan Climate Change Policies: Comparative analysis and policy exchange between Europe and the United States“ (with S. Hirt, J. Randolph, G. Reichard). My role: CO-PI for research on transport policy and planning in Germany. Summer 2010.

U.S. Department for Housing and Urban Development. Livable Communities Initiative. “Strategies to Increase Affordable Housing near Transit.”(with Casey Dawkins). My role: CO-PI on Virginia Tech part of the project.

University Transportation Research Center II, Rutgers University, Virginia Tech, CO-PI, Analysis of Bicycling Trends and Policies in Large American Cities, CO-PI, 2009-2010.

Thunderhead Alliance, Research Consultant, 2006-2007, Consulting and data analysis for a project connecting walking and cycling to public health in U.S. cities and States; funded by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

German Institute of Economic Research, (DIW), CO-PI, 2006-2008, Analyzing and explaining differences and similarities in travel behavior in Germany and the U.S.
Rutgers University, Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, New Brunswick, NJ

PhD in Planning and Public Policy, 2008 (Note: Dissertation honored with the “Barclay Gibbs Jones Award for Best Dissertation in Planning 2008” by the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning (ASCP))

Graduate Certificate in Transportation Studies, 2004;

Master of City and Regional Studies, 2002

University of Constance, Department of Public Policy and Management, Konstanz, Germany

Master of Public Policy and Management, 2003 (German “Diplom”)
Sorbonne-Panthéon, Paris, France, Administration Économique, Exchange Student, 2000-2001
City Cycling Book
Link to Book Website

Bicycling in cities is booming, for many reasons: health and environmental benefits, time and cost savings, more and better bike lanes and paths, innovative bike sharing programs, and the sheer fun of riding. City Cycling offers a guide to this urban cycling renaissance, with the goal of promoting cycling as sustainable urban transportation available to everyone. It reports on cycling trends and policies in cities in North America, Europe, and Australia, and offers information on such topics as cycling safety, cycling infrastructure provisions including bikeways and bike parking, the wide range of bike designs and bike equipment, integration of cycling with public transportation, and promoting cycling for women and children.

City Cycling emphasizes that bicycling should not be limited to those who are highly trained, extremely fit, and daring enough to battle traffic on busy roads. The chapters describe ways to make city cycling feasible, convenient, and safe for commutes to work and school, shopping trips, visits, and other daily transportation needs. The book also offers detailed examinations and illustrations of cycling conditions in different urban environments: small cities (including Davis, California, and Delft, the Netherlands), large cities (including Sydney, Chicago, Toronto and Berlin), and “megacities” (London, New York, Paris, and Tokyo). These chapters offer a closer look at how cities both with and without historical cycling cultures have developed cycling programs over time. The book makes clear that successful promotion of city cycling depends on coordinating infrastructure, programs, and government policies.

MIT Press. Urban and Industrial Environments series.
ISBN-10: 0-262-51781-7
ISBN-13: 978-0-262-51781-2


Reports to Governments


Buehler, R., Zimmerman, M., and Lukacs, K. 2015. Regional Coordination of Public Transportation: Lessons from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. Report prepared for the Mid- Atlantic University Transportation Research Consortium (MAUTC), University Park, PA as part of the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Washington, D.C.

Buehler, R., Hamre, A. 2014. “Economic Benefits of Capital Bikeshare: A Focus on Users and Businesses,” Report prepared for the Mid-Atlantic University Transportation Research Consortium (MAUTC), University Park, PA as part of the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Washington, D.C.

Buehler, R., Hamre, A. 2013. “Multimodal Travel Behavior in the United States,” Report prepared for the Mid-Atlantic University Transportation Research Consortium (MAUTC), University Park, PA as part of the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Washington, D.C.

Buehler, R., Hamre, A., Sonenklar, D., Goger, P. 2011. “Trends and Determinants of Cycling in the Washington, DC Region,” Report prepared for the U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Washington, DC, and the Mid- Atlantic University Transportation Research Consortium (MAUTC), University Park, PA.

Pucher, J., Buehler, R. 2011. “Analysis of Bicycling Trends and Policies in Large North American Cities: Lessons for New York,” Report for U. S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Washington, D.C. and UTRC II New York.

Dawkins, C., Buehler, R. 2011. “Promoting Affordable Housing Near Public Transit: The Role of Planning,” Report  for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, D.C.

Buehler, R., Kunert, U. 2008. “Trends und Determinanten des Verkehrsverhaltens in den USA und Deutschland / Trends and Determinants of Travel Behavior in Germany and the USA,” Report to the German Federal Ministry of Transportation and Urban Development (173 pages).
Dissertation
Buehler, R. 2008. “Transport Policies, Travel Behavior, and Sustainability: A Comparison of Germany and the U.S.” Doctoral Dissertation; E.J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University; honored with the “Barclay Gibbs Jones Award for Best Dissertation in Planning 2008” by the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning.

Book Chapters and Encyclopedia Entries
Buehler, R., Stowe, J. 2015. “Bicycling in the Washington, DC Region: Trends in Ridership and Policies Since 1990,” In: Hyra, D., Prince, S. (eds.) Capital Dilemma: Growth and Inequality in Washington, DC. New York: Routledge, 180-206.

Buehler, R. 2014.“Public Transportation Ridership,” SAGE Encyclopedia of Transportation.

Buehler, R., Hamre, A. 2014. “Bicycle-Transit Linkages,” SAGE Encyclopedia of Transportation.

Buehler, R., Pucher, J. 2014. “Urban Transport: Promoting Sustainability in Germany,” In: Keleman, D. (ed.), Lessons from Europe: What Americans can Learn from European Public Policies. CQ Press.

Pucher, J., Buehler, R., Bassett, D., Dannenberg, A. 2012. “Walking and Cycling to Health: Recent Evidence from City, State, and International Comparisons,” In: Greavers, S. and Garrard, J. (eds.), Transport, the Environment and Public Health: Classic Papers on Non-motorised Travel. Edward Elgar. (Note: reprint of article)

Buehler, R. 2010. “Traffic Calming,” In: Robbins, P. (ed.) SAGE Reference Series on Green Society. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Buehler, R. 2010. “Transportation,” In: Dutch, I.E. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, pp. 993-994.

Pucher, J., Buehler, R. 2005. “Transport Policy in Post-Communist Europe,” In: Hensher, D., A. and Button, D. J. (eds.), Handbooks in Transportation. London: Elsevier, 2005, pp. 725-743.
Book Reviews

Buehler, R. 2011. “Sustainable Transportation—Problems and Solutions,” Book Review, In: Journal of Planning Education and Research. Vol. 31, No. 4, pp 471-473.

Buehler, R. accepted. “Transport for Suburbia – Beyond the Automobile Age,” Book Review, In: Canadian Journal of Urban Research. Forthcoming 2011.

Buehler, R. 2006. “Making Urban Transportation Sustainable,” Book Review, In: Journal of the American Planning Association. Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 370-371.
Other Publications

Buehler, R. 2015. The Policy Problem. America’s Transportation Revolution. The European Blog.

Buehler, R. 2015. Germany’s Green City: A Journey Toward Sustainable Transportation Planning. CURB Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 12-13

Pucher, J., Buehler, R. 2014. Cycling Boom in Small and Mid-Sized Cities. The Atlantic Cities/CityLab, blog.

Buehler, R., 2014. “9 Reasons the U.S. Ended Up So Much More Car-Dependent Than Europe,”  The Atlantic Cities, blog.

Buehler, R., Jung, W., Hamre, A., and P. Stoddard. 2013. Transportation and Land-Use Planning in Germany and the U.S.: Lessons from the Stuttgart and Washington, DC Regions. AICGS Report Number 53. American Institute for Contemporary German Studies, Washington, DC.

Buehler, R. 2012. Daily Travel and CO2 Emissions from Passenger Transport: A Comparison of Germany and the United States. Essay in Transatlantic Perspectives Series, American Institute for Contemporary German Studies, Washington, DC.

Buehler, R., Keeley, M., Jungjohann, A., and M. Mehling. 2011. How Germany Became Europe’s Green Leader: A Look at Four Decades of Sustainable PolicymakingThe Solutions Journal, Vol. 2, No.5.

Buehler, R. 2010. “Lance Armstong and I/Lance Armstong und ich,” Automotive Agenda, Special Volume on “Cities and the Automobile/Stadt und Auto,” Vol. 3, No. 8, p.86, Springer Automotive Media.

Buehler, R. 2010. “Viewpoint: How can the stigma of public transport as the ‘poor man’s vehicle’ be overcome to enhance sustainability and climate change mitigation?” Natural Resources Forum-A United Nations Sustainable Development Journal, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2010, p. 327.

Buehler, R., Pucher, J., Kunert, U. 2010. “Making Transportation Sustainable: Insights from Germany,” Planung Neu Denken, Vol. 5, No.2, 2010, (official reprint of Brookings Institution Report listed above).

Buehler, R., Lovrien, N. 2008. “Using National Travel Data in State Energy Master Planning: Gaps and Opportunities in National Transportation Data,” (peer-reviewed conference proceedings). Transportation Research Board annual meeting, Washington, D.C.

Buehler, R. “Urban Development in Mega-Cities in Developing Countries,” KOPS Master Thesis, Konstanz, 2003.

Published Letters to the Editor

Buehler, R. 2010. “Response to: Where Bikes Rule,” Public Management (PM) Magazine, International City/County Management Association (ICMA) Press, Vol.92 (8).

Buehler, R. 2009. “Mixed-use Works Well in Downtown,” Badische Zeitung, Germany.

Buehler, R., Pucher, J., Kunert, U. 2008. “Can We Find a New Way to Get Home?” published letter to the editor responding to Paul Krugman’s column “Stranded in Suburbia,” New York Times.
Below is list of select articles. For a more detailed listing by subject area, please click here.

Buehler, R., Pucher, J. 2017. “Have Walking and Cycling Become Safer? Recent Evidence from High-Income Countries, with a Focus on the United States and Germany,” American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 107, No. 2, pp. 281–287.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J., Altshuler, A. 2017. “Vienna’s Path to Sustainable Transport,“ International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, Vol. 11, No. 4, 257-271.
Buehler, R., J. Pucher, R. Gerike, T. Goetschi. 2017. “Reducing car dependence in the heart of Europe: Lessons from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland,” Transport Reviews, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp 4-28.
Buehler, R., Dill, J. 2016. “Bikeway networks: A review of effects on cycling,” Transport Reviews. Vol. 36, No. 1, pages 9-27.
Pucher, J., Buehler, R. 2016. “Safer Cycling Through Improved Infrastructure,” American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 116, No. 12, pp 2089-2090. (Note: Invited Editorial).
Buehler, R., Götschi, T., Winters, M. 2016. “Moving Toward Active Transportation: How Policies Can Encourage Walking and Bicycling,” San Diego, CA: Active Living Research. (peer reviewed research brief).
Buehler, R., Hamre, A. 2016. ”An Examination of Recent Trends in Multimodal Travel Behavior Among American Motorists,” International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, Vol. 10, No.4, 354-364. 
Buehler, R., Hamre, A. 2015. ”The multimodal majority? Driving, walking, cycling, and public transportation use among American adults,” Transportation, Volume 42, Issue 6,pp 1081-1101. Here is a link to a related poster presented at the TRB annual meeting.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J. 2012.  “Cycling to Work in 90 Large American Cities: New Evidence on the Role of Bike Paths and Lanes,” Transportation, Vol. 39, 2, pp. 409-432.
Buehler, R., Keeley, M., Jungjohann, A., and M. Mehling. 2011. How Germany Became Europe’s Green Leader: A Look at Four Decades of Sustainable PolicymakingThe Solutions Journal, Vol. 2, No.5.
Buehler, R., Pucher, R., Merom, D., Bauman, A. “Active Travel in Germany and the USA: Contributions of Daily Walking and Cycling to Physical Activity,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 40, No. 9, September 2011, pp. 241-250. Abstract.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J. “Cycling to Work in 90 Large American Cities: New Evidence on the Role of Bike Paths and Lanes,” Transportation, Vol. 38, 2011, in press.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J. 2011. “Making Public Transport Financially Sustainable,” Transport Policy, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 128-136.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J. 2011. “Sustainable Transport in Freiburg: Lessons from Germany’s Environmental Capital,” International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, Vol. 5, pp. 43-70.
Buehler, R., Pucher, J., Kunert, U. 2009. “Making Transportation Sustainable: Insights from Germany,” Washington DC: The Brookings Institution, Metropolitan Policy Program, (38 pages plus statistical appendix).
Buehler, R. 2011. “Determinants of Mode Choice: A Comparison of Germany and the USA,” Transport Geography, Vol. 19, pp. 644-657.
Buehler, R. 2010. “Transport Policies, Automobile Use, and Sustainable Transportation:  A Comparison of Germany and the USA,” Journal of Planning Education and Research, Vol. 30, pp. 76-93.