CPAP: Center for Public Administration 2018-04-18T19:56:04+00:00

      CPAP

           CENTER FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND POLICY

        CPAP

          CENTER FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND POLICY

Center for Public Administration and Policy (CPAP)
The Mission of the Virginia Tech Center for Public Administration and Policy (CPAP) is to promote good governance and the advancement of capable and ethical public service by providing outstanding education, research, and outreach in the theory and practice of public administration, management, and policy.
CPAP SEEKS:

  1. To provide qualified public service professionals currently in service and pre- or early-career students who plan to become public service professionals with a rigorous program of study for developing managerial, analytical, and normative evaluation skills in public management and public policy.
  2. To prepare teachers and scholars for faculty service in colleges and universities around the country and the world, thereby broadening the scope of knowledge in public administration and policy studies among administrators and citizenry.
  3. To engage faculty, practitioners, and graduate students in systematic research and study designed to improve the quality of policy making and public service within the varied jurisdictions of government in the Commonwealth of Virginia and the national capital region, as well as nationally and internationally.
SCHOLARSHIP AND COMMUNITY

CPAP is more than an academic department; we are a community dedicated to thoughtful public service through scholarship. CPAP is small when compared with other nationally-recognized schools of public affairs and public administration, permitting our students greater personal attention in academic advising and career guidance. Our size enables our faculty, staff, and students to develop strong personal ties, friendships and professional relationships that last long beyond their time at CPAP. No event better illustrates CPAP’s commitment to both scholarship and community than our annual High Table celebration. High Table brings faculty, students, alumni, and invited guests together to consider important questions in public administration and public policy, and most of all to celebrate the life of the mind.

ONE PROGRAM, THREE LOCATIONS

We offer courses in Blacksburg, the university’s main campus, as well as in Richmond, the state capital, and in Alexandria, in the national capital region. Our multiple locations offer connections to local, state, and federal government, international institutions, and non-profits. Faculty and students travel among the campuses and are connected by video technology.

SCHOLARSHIP

Faculty appear in the pages of top journals, including Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, Public Administration Review, Governance, and Policy Studies Journal. The Administration & Society journal is currently housed in our program.

Recent faculty books include:

Bureaucracy and Self-Government: Reconsidering the Role of Public Administration in American Politics
Democracy and Administration: Woodrow Wilson’s Ideas and the Challenges of Public Management
Disasters and the American State: How Politicians, Bureaucrats, and the Public Prepare for the Unexpected
Empowering the White House: Governance under Nixon, Ford, and Carter
The Ethics of Public Administration and the Challenges of Global Governance
Mission Mystique: Belief Systems in Public Agencies
The New Case for Bureaucracy
New Public Governance: A Regime Perspective
Patriots, Settlers, and the Origins of American Social Policy
Rethinking Environmental Justice in Sustainable Cities: Insights from Agent-Based Modeling
Working With Culture: How the Job Gets Done in Public Programs

SMALL SEMINARS

Classes are taught as seminars emphasizing student discussion, rather than in large lecture halls. Most classes have 10-20 students.

“Virginia Tech is well-known for its diverse student population, distinguished faculty, supportive alumni base, and unique 11-week Washington Semester Summer program.” 

– Best Value Schools

CPAP: Quick Facts
  • One program in three locations. Established in 1977 in Blacksburg, CPAP now offers degrees in Blacksburg, Alexandria, and Richmond. It is positioned to meet the distinctive educational needs of public administration professionals and scholars in each location, and to engage in research across all levels of American government as well as internationally. Students and faculty work together across locations, benefiting from engagement on a large university campus as well as in the United States and Virginia capitals.
  • CPAP has been ranked in the top 25 nationally in public management/administration by U.S. News & World Report, out of nearly 300 schools.
  • Virginia Tech has been ranked 15th in the 2015 Best Value Schools ranking of the 50 most innovative public service schools in the United States.
  • The MPA program is NASPAA accredited. NASPAA accreditation recognizes that a master’s degree program in public policy, affairs, or administration has undertaken a rigorous process of peer review.
  • Diverse student population. Each location contributes to the robust diversity of distinctive student populations and government contexts. CPAP combines full-time and part-time students, students with federal, state, and local government experience, as well as professionals from the private for-profit and non-profit sectors. And CPAP draws students from several regions of the U.S. and the world.
  • Faculty known for distinctive scholarship and teaching. CPAP faculty engage in world-class scholarship. From the founding faculty who established a unique scholarly signature with the theme of “refounding” public administration, to the most recent scholars to join CPAP, faculty work appears in top-ranked journals of the field and in books from prominent university presses, as well as in briefings to policymakers.
  • We are home to the journals Administration & Society and Law & Society Review.
  • Distinctive graduate-level certificate programs in Local Government, Public and Non-Profit Financial Management, and Homeland Security Policy. CPAP offers certificates for both degree and non-degree students, programs distinguished by their strategic responsiveness to the vital need to train executives, managers, and professionals in these areas, and the embedding of topics in rigorous scholarship as a path toward thoughtful public service.
  • Affiliated faculty dedicated to the CPAP enterprise. CPAP’s affiliated faculty bring a wealth of professional and academic experience to teaching, participate regularly in CPAP events and student development, and are fiercely loyal to and contribute materially to the sustained success of the CPAP.
  • A solid student and alumni/ae base. CPAP students recognize and embrace the special culture of CPAP and the close faculty-student connections that make the learning process transformational. As a result, CPAP enjoys a large, loyal, and very supportive graduates and superior networking opportunities for new students entering the program.
CPAP Academic Programs

The Masters in Public Administration degree provides the skills needed for positions involving policy, management, or executive responsibilities in public and not-for-profit settings. Among other occupations, our recent graduates are currently working as policy analysts, higher education administrators, law enforcement officials, budget analysts, city/county administrators and non-profit executives.

The PhD in Public Administration/Public Affairs (PAPA) prepares scholars for university faculty careers, and prepares scholars and administrators for policy-making and senior management positions and it engages practitioners and graduate students in research in a range of fields. Alumni include nationally recognized scholars and public servants working in local, state, and federal government agencies.

The Local Government Management Certificate provides the next generation of local government managers with the tools to advance their careers and provide exceptional leadership within the communities where they work. Students are exposed to a full spectrum of local government issues, service delivery options, and management tools. The analysis of a real life, local government case study is central to each classroom experience.

The Graduate Certificate in Public and Non Profit Financial Management is designed to develop students’ understanding of the concepts and practice of financial management in government, university, and complex non-profit organizations. Available throughout the commonwealth through virtual classroom technology, the Public and Non-Profit Financial Management certificate is designed for full-time students as well as part-time and working professional students.

The Homeland Security Policy Certificate focuses on domestic security and emergency management issues from a policy perspective. The certificate addresses issues of homeland security strategy, policy design, planning, operations, managing across and among networks, and implementation

CPAP Faculty
CPAP Resources for Students

Academic Resources on Developing and Delivering Effective Presentations

Here is a compilation of Virginia Tech and online resources that can provide you with some tips on giving great presentations.

RESOURCES THROUGH VIRGINIA TECH CAMPUS

The Comm Lab located in the Newman Library at Virginia Tech/ Blacksburg Campus

The mission of the organization is to provide Virginia Tech students and faculty members with access to constructive feedback and practical resources for improving oral presentations.  Students can gain valuable presentation-related insight and develop the necessary toolsets to become successful speakers.  The Comm Lab may be available for off-campus students through google hangouts.  Please inquire with the staff for their availability.  Students have to make appointments online, which is the best way to set up appointments.  The coaches are considered experts in public speaking. They will go through your Powerpoint presentation with you to make sure that you are meeting the professor’s objectives in your presentation.

Online Learning and Collaboration Services (Lynda.com; Software Tutorial and Training)

Lynda.com is your one stop shop for online tutorials and training in a variety of software suites and programs. Access is free to current Virginia Tech students, faculty, and staff. Once you are at the website, sign in via your PID to access the materials.  After you have entered the site, type in the skills you would like to learn (e.g. giving great presentations)

ONLINE RESOURCES

Improving Presentation Skills of PhD Students (By Susanne Ulm, Next Scientist)

Presentation Skills (Joel Bowman, Ph.D., West Michigan University)

Preparing an Oral Presentation (By Jeff Radel, Ph.D.,  University of Kansas Medical Center)

Ten Simple Rules for Making Good Oral Presentations (University of Nebraska-Lincoln)

Oral Presentation and PowerPoint (compiled by Joe Schall, Penn State)

Adapted from Style for Students (https://www.e-education.psu.edu/styleforstudents) by Joe Schall is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) via The Pennsylvania State University.

Why Bad Presentation Happen to Good Causes (Online Book by Andy Goodman)

YOU TUBE VIDEO RESOURCES

Public Speaking and Giving Presentation (By Scott Berkun, Author of the “Confessions of a Public Speaker”)

POWERPOINT SLIDES/RESOURCES

Giving Effective Presentations (By Lisa G. Bullard, Ph.D., North Carolina State University)

Presentation 101 for Graduate Students (By J. Paul Robinson, Ph.D., Purdue University)

Academic Resources on Writing

Here is a compilation of writing resources from Virginia Tech and other sources.

RESOURCES THROUGH VIRGINIA TECH CAMPUS

Writing Resources

For Individual Help

The Virginia Tech Writing Center:

http://www.composition.english.vt.edu/writing-center/

This is a free service to all Virginia Tech students, faculty, and staff, at all levels. Appointments are made online.  This service is done in-person and through google hangout for off-campus students.  They will work with writing and reading assignments from any course in the University. They can also help with writing projects not linked to classes.

GSA Research Symposium & Exposition

https://blogs.lt.vt.edu/gsars/abstract-submissions/writing-resources/

General Information

University Style Guide:

http://www.branding.unirel.vt.edu/style-guide/

Academic Writing Guide:

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/1/2/ 

Ethical Writing Guide:

http://www.lib.vt.edu/instruct/plagiarism/

Find/Citation and Style Manuals

http://www.lib.vt.edu/find/citation/index.html

On Professional/Academic Writing and Presenting

Resources for Technical and Grant Writing:

http://www.research.vt.edu/proposal-development-resources/resources/technical-and-grant-writing/index.php

Guidelines for scientific writing & presenting:

http://www.writing.engr.psu.edu/

How to write a good abstract:

http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2011/06/20/essential-guide-writing-good-abstracts/

How to write a good introduction:

http://www.jclinepi.com/article/S0895-4356(13)00020-6/pdf

On Writing Well

Bird by Bird: Some Instructions on Writing and Life by Anne Lamott

On Writing Well by William Zinsser

The Elements of Style by William Strunk and E. B. White

The Elements of Grammar by Margaret Shertzer

Style: Toward Clarity and Grace by Joseph M. Williams

Impro: Improvisation and the Theatre by Keith Johnstone

Free Play: Improvisation in Life and Art by Stephen Nachmanovitch

Improvisation for the Theatre by Viola Spolin[/su_spoiler]][/su_accordion][/

Application Deadlines for All Campuses

CPAP-SPECIFIC DEADLINES
For Fall admission, the deadline is May 1st.
For Spring Admission the deadline is November 1st.

INTERNATIONAL STUDENT DEADLINES
For Fall admission, the deadline is April 1st.
For Spring admission, the deadline is September 1st.

Tuition & Fees

The Bursar’s Office maintains complete information about Virginia Tech tuition and fees for in-state and out-of-state residents.

Financial Aid

For all other information about admissions and financial aid, please visit the graduate school admissions website.

Apply Online

Application and Fee. File an application with the graduate school online here and pay the nonrefundable application fee, which is currently $75.

Want more help with filing the application? See the graduate school’s help page.

Transcripts. Have two official copies of undergraduate and/or graduate study transcripts sent directly to the graduate school from universities and colleges previously attended. VT applicants an simply request from the registrar.

Personal Statement of Purpose. As part of the online application process, provide a personal statement in which you (a) describe previous employment experiences and (b) discuss thoughtfully your future career plans. The statement should express how the Center’s curriculum for which you are applying will assist you in achieving your future career goals.

Resume. As part of the online application process, provide a professional resume.

Test Scores. Applicants for the Ph.D. program must provide scores on a recognized aptitude test. The educational testing service will send the scores directly to the graduate school, upon request. The aptitude test scores are optional for MPA applicants. International students may be required to take TOEFL.

Letters of Recommendation/Reference Forms. As part of the online application, all applicants should arrange for submission of three (3) persons to provide a letters of recommendation. Once submitted, each reference is sent an electronic form to complete. Preferably the applicant’s references should include a mix of former professors and others who know the applicant professionally, such as employment supervisors or others who have had an opportunity to observe the applicant in a professional capacity. It is especially important that applicants to the Ph.D. program provide at least two letters or forms from former college or university teachers.

Paper Application

Paper Applications. If you are unable or choose not to apply online, you may download the application form for US and Permanent Resident Students or for International Students.

Submission. ALL PAPER APPLICANTS, including Northern Virginia and Richmond campuses, please send application materials including: application and fee, personal statement of purpose, resume, and letters of recommendation/reference forms directly to the Graduate School. Transcripts and test scores should be sent from the issuing authority to the same address.

Virginia Tech Graduate School (0325)
Graduate Life Center at Donaldson Brown
Blacksburg, Virginia 24061

To confirm that your application materials are complete please contact:

Center for Public Administration and Policy
Phone: (540) 231-5133
Email: cpap@vt.edu

CPAP Policy Guide

Download the Policy Guide

Read the Policy Guide

POLICY GUIDE

CENTER FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND POLICY
of the
School of Public and International Affairs (SPIA)
College of Architecture and Urban Studies (CAUS)

VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE AND STATE UNIVERSITY

January 2017

The mission of the Virginia Tech Center for Public Administration and Policy (CPAP) is to promote good governance and the advancement of capable and ethical public service by providing outstanding education, research, and outreach in the theory and practice of public administration, management, and policy.

CPAP seeks:

  1. To provide qualified public service professionals currently in service and pre- or early-career students who plan to become public service professionals with a rigorous program of study for developing managerial, analytical, and normative evaluation skills in public management and public policy.
  2. To prepare teachers and scholars for faculty service in colleges and universities around the country and the world, thereby broadening the scope of knowledge in public administration and policy studies among administrators and citizenry.
  3. To engage faculty, practitioners, and graduate students in systematic research and study designed to improve the quality of policy making and public service within the varied jurisdictions of government in the Commonwealth of Virginia and the national capital region, as well as nationally and internationally.

CPAP offers two degrees: the Master of Public Administration (MPA) and the Ph.D. in public administration and public affairs. The MPA is offered in Blacksburg, the National Capital Region (NCR), and Richmond. The Ph.D. is offered in Blacksburg and NCR. CPAP also is the home for two graduate certificates, in Homeland Security Policy and in Local Government Management.

Virginia Tech is committed to providing appropriate services and accommodations to allow identified students with disabilities access to academic programs. Information for students needing special services can be found at http://www.ssd.vt.edu/students.htm. CPAP students with special needs should contact the CPAP chair.

The Master of Public Administration (MPA) is a professional degree intended for future and present practitioners in the public service. Its purpose is to educate early career individuals for administrative and analytical posts and to improve the skills of in-career public administrators. International students should recognize that a substantial portion of the program’s subject matter focuses primarily upon public administration, management, and policy in the United States.
  1. Course in U.S. Government: Entering students must have taken at least one undergraduate course about the institutions of the U.S. government or have equivalent experience, training, or instruction. Equivalent experience is at least three years full-time work in local, state, or federal government. This prerequisite can also be satisfied by completing the CLEP American Government exam with a score of 60 or higher. If this requirement has not been fulfilled upon entry into the program, it should be fulfilled in the first semester.
  2. Statistics Course: All students enrolling in PAPA 6514 (Public Administration and Policy Inquiry) must have had a statistics course or be taking one concurrently. In order to enroll in PAPA 6224 (Public Policy Design and Implementation), students must have completed an introductory statistics course or meet an equivalent requirement as approved by faculty members teaching those courses, and have had the prerequisite of PAPA 6514 or equivalent. A diagnostic test to determine proficiency in basic statistics is available for advising purposes. Use of statistical tools and software are required in these courses.
  3. In order for a full-time student taking 12 hours each semester to complete the coursework for the degree program in three semesters, he or she must complete all prerequisites, including introductory statistics, before beginning the first fall semester. We advise most full-time students to take three courses each semester, using research and thesis hours if needed to reach the 12 hours that some assistantships require.
  4. Students must receive a grade of “C+” or better in all pre-requisites in order to gain entry to the relevant graduate courses.
  5. All students are expected to be familiar with the use of standard word processing, spreadsheets, file manipulation, and presentation software, plus e-mail and basic internet applications. Certain courses may require the use of additional statistical, modeling, or other software packages. In the case of students not having these skills, students should arrange appropriate training outside the standard CPAP curriculum.
Academic Requirements
Internship Requirement
Transferring Credit
Course Advising and Course Substitutions
Plan of Study
Course Load, Other Requirements, and Graduation Procedures
Effective for students entering in Fall 2013 and after, all MPA students in their final semester of study shall present and defend an electronic portfolio that includes a variety of course and other program-related materials. Assessment of the portfolio is based on the six performance objectives below; through the portfolio, each student provides evidence (e.g., course assignments, internship reports, videotaped presentations) showing fulfillment of the evaluation criteria associated with each performance objective.

The portfolio is a project about which students should think about and work toward throughout their time in the program. Its overall purpose is to demonstrate that a student’s educational experiences, work, and new knowledge show that she or he has developed the competencies expected of an MPA graduate. The performance objectives that follow reflect the “universal competencies” that we and NASPAA, our accrediting organization, expect MPA students to have developed and strengthened as they complete their degrees.

a. Performance Objective: Communicate effectively through organized, concise, and grammatically correct writing
b. Performance Objective: Communicate effectively through a structured, appropriate, and well-timed presentation
c. Performance Objective: Use qualitative and quantitative research methods appropriate to the nature of the task
d. Performance Objective: Apply theory to practice in a range of settings
e. Performance Objective: Understand the nature and functions of management and leadership in policy formulation, development, and implementation
f. Performance Objective: Recognize, analyze, and understand the normative dimensions of management and policy issues
Where applicable, MPA core courses will provide students with the opportunity to address the performance objectives. It is the instructor’s responsibility to determine which performance objectives are applicable to a particular course and to develop assignments that address the objectives. However, it is ultimately each student’s responsibility to fulfill each of the performance objectives by meeting the evaluation criteria. Instructors are not required to create assignments that explicitly align with the evaluation criteria. Each student will determine which products provide the best evidence of satisfaction of the evaluation criteria. Products can include, but are not limited to, assignments from core MPA courses, assignments from elective courses, personal statements or essays developed specifically for the portfolio, or work products (provided the product was created while the student was enrolled in the MPA program). However, at least one assignment from each core MPA course must be included in the portfolio. Thus, at minimum, the portfolio must include 9 distinct products, but students are strongly encouraged to use multiple relevant products to illustrate conformance with each of the criteria; repeated use of one product to demonstrate conformance with more than one objective should be done only if necessary.

Each portfolio also will contain a substantive narrative describing the items that are included and explaining how these products demonstrate conformance with the performance objectives.

Portfolios will be archived and available for viewing by CPAP faculty, students, and anyone given explicit permission by the CPAP faculty. Additionally, students are encouraged, but not required, to make portfolios available to the public via the CPAP website.
Please note that there is no single correct template for portfolio development. Students are encouraged to review past portfolios for ideas, but not necessarily as templates for their own portfolios.

During the final semester of study, the student will enroll in PAPA 5904, which is offered each Fall and Spring semester. Prior to the first class meeting, the student should conduct a self-assessment to evaluate performance for each objective, and identify areas for improvement.
During the semester, the PAPA 5904 instructor will advise the student on determining which types of products may be most useful for satisfying each performance objective. Working with the PAPA 5904 instructor, the student will craft a written portfolio narrative and presentation, and develop a plan for ensuring conformance with the performance objectives and associated evaluative criteria that the student or the instructor identify as needing additional attention.

At the conclusion of PAPA 5904, the student will have prepared a final narrative, will have addressed any outstanding issues in demonstrating conformance, and will have developed the final portfolio.

The portfolio including the narrative will be finalized and submitted to the student’s faculty advisor and committee no later than 10 days before the last day of classes in the semester during which the student defends the portfolio.

a. Portfolio Defense
During the final week of classes, MPA committees will hold a portfolio defense meeting with each graduating student. This constitutes the MPA final exam. Students will have five to ten minutes to describe how their portfolios demonstrate satisfaction of performance objectives. The committee members and other faculty will then have 15 minutes to ask questions. Without the student present, the committee members will deliberate and reach a final exam result. The committee will inform the student of the exam result, and where appropriate, designate requirements the student must meet for developing additional actions to ensure conformance.

b. Grading
Committees will evaluate the student’s portfolio and oral defense on each of the performance objectives according to the following three possible outcomes: Pass with Distinction, Pass, or Fail.

  1. Fail: If a student receives a grade of Fail from the committee on any performance objective, the student must submit an outline for addressing this discrepancy to the committee within 48 hours. The committee chair must then agree that the plan will achieve conformance with the objective in order for the student to be declared eligible for graduation. If the committee does not declare the student eligible to graduate, the student must submit a detailed plan ensuring conformance with all performance objectives for which the committee indicated a grade of Fail. The student must submit this plan by the first day of classes in the ensuing Fall or Spring semester and register for any remaining courses, or if all other course requirements are complete request a Start of Semester Defense Exception (SSDE). The student and committee will meet within the first five weeks of the semester to discuss the plan, recommend any changes and complete the portfolio process.
  2. Pass: If the Committee passes the student on all six performance objectives, a grade of Pass for the portfolio and the final exam will be submitted, and the student will be eligible to graduate.
  3. Pass with Distinction: In order to Pass with Distinction, students must receive unanimous Pass with Distinction ratings from all committee members on all performance objectives. It is expected that few students will achieve a Pass with Distinction.
All MPA committee members are appointed by the Graduate School upon the recommendation of the CPAP chair. For each student’s committee, the committee chair (or co-chair) must be a member of the CPAP core faculty, and the committee must include three faculty members total, with a majority consisting of CPAP core faculty. CPAP faculty emeriti/ae, faculty from other departments, and adjunct faculty may serve on a student’s committee with approval of the CPAP chair. Appropriate non-faculty personnel may be recommended to the Dean of the Graduate School for inclusion on an MPA committee. Graduate students may not serve on an MPA committee. The full committee must be present for the portfolio meeting, and members must contribute to determining whether the student’s portfolio is a Fail, Pass, or Pass with Distinction.
Required Courses (27 Credit Hours)
Electives (9 credits), Internship, and Portfolio Requirement (3 Credits)
The Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) is academia’s highest degree and prepares one for research and scholarship, whether or not in affiliation with a university. The Center offers this degree for both full-time and part-time students. Many of these students are mid-career professionals who have reached a point in their professional development where they can commit the time and energy necessary to earn the Ph.D. degree. Qualified individuals just beginning their careers are also welcome. A master’s degree in a relevant field (not necessarily public administration or public policy) ordinarily is required for admission, but this requirement can be waived in exceptional cases. Those earning the CPAP MPA degree may apply for admission to the Ph.D. program as the end of the MPA work draws near.

All Ph.D. students take foundation courses in five core areas: policy, organizations, management, ethics, and theory/context. Advanced Topic courses examine topics in the core areas at a deeper level, and the two capstone seminars are a gateway to advanced research and preparation for the dissertation. Other components of the program include Measurement and Analysis Tools, Concentration Courses, the Qualifying Examination, the Prospectus Defense (Graduate School “Preliminary Exam”), and the Dissertation and defense (Graduate School “Final Exam”).

Entering students must have had courses in United States government, microeconomics, and introductory statistics. Students failing to meet this requirement must take these courses as soon as possible and must have completed them prior to enrolling in PAPA 6224. The U.S. government prerequisite may be satisfied by equivalent experience, training, or instruction. Equivalent experience is at least three years full-time work in local, state, or federal government in the U.S. This prerequisite also can be satisfied by completing the CLEP American Government exam with a score of 60 or higher. If this requirement has not been fulfilled upon entry into the program, it should be fulfilled in the first semester. Computer competency is also required.
A minimum of 90 credit hours is needed for the Doctor of Philosophy degree. A maximum of one half of the coursework, or 30 of the 60 credit hours of coursework required for the CPAP Ph.D., may be transferred from an accredited university other than Virginia Tech upon approval by two core faculty evaluating the student’s plan of study. The 60 course work credits include 18 hours of foundation courses, 15 hours of advanced topics and capstone courses, 6 hours of measurement, 9 hours of electives, and 12 hours of research concentration. These courses must correspond to the requirements of the five curriculum core areas. Students must also take 30 hours of research and dissertation credit, three hours of which must be constituted by participation in 15 sessions of the Doctoral Mentoring Program (DMP) or other activities approved by the faculty for DMP credit.
1. Foundation Courses
2. Advanced Topics Courses
3. Capstone Seminars
A basic knowledge of statistics and familiarity with computers is assumed upon admission. Students taking PAPA 6514, Public Administration and Policy Inquiry, or substitute research methods courses approved by the faculty, will be expected to use qualitative and quantitative inquiry and computing skills. If they have not already completed this coursework elsewhere, students are required to complete a graduate-level, intermediate statistics course, which covers techniques through multiple regression. Where appropriate, based on the student’s research interests and with the approval of the student’s adviser, coursework covering other techniques in advanced qualitative and quantitative analysis may be substituted for multiple regression, such as ethnographic field work, textual analysis, historical research, survey design, simulation, operations research, or mathematical programming. Students may enroll in these advanced courses prior to or while enrolled in either PAPA 6514 or PAPA 6224.
1. Focused Study
2. Concentration Lecture
FOUNDATION COURSES (18 Hours)
ADVANCED TOPICS (AT) COURSES (9 Hours)
CAPSTONE SEMINARS*
MEASUREMENT & ANALYSIS TOOLS (6 Credit Hours)
ELECTIVES (9 Credit Hours)
QUALIFYING EXAMINATION* (see Section F below)
RESEARCH CONCENTRATION* (12 Credit Hours)
DISSERTATION HOURS* (30 Credit Hours)
This examination tests the substantive knowledge, analytical ability, intellectual ability, and writing skills necessary for completing the Ph.D. in Public Administration and Public Affairs. For all Ph.D. students, the format of the exam will change effective Fall 2017.

The Qualifying Exam is designed to assess student mastery of the material covered in the six Foundation courses. Students are eligible to take the exam as soon as they have accumulated at least 21 credit hours of CPA-specific course work, which must include the 18 credit hours of foundation courses plus PAPA 6514 or its designated alternative. Students must take the exam no later than after the completion of 30 credit hours, which must include all required foundation courses plus PAPA 6514 or its designated alternative. The exam will be offered in the fall and spring semesters, and students may choose to register for the qualifying exam as soon as they meet the minimum credit hour and course threshold. The Virginia Tech Graduate Honor Code is in effect for all aspects of this examination.

Students select three of the five core areas – Complex Organizations, Ethics, Public Management, Theory and Context of Public Administration, and Public Policy – to be tested in. The qualifying examination has two parts – written and oral – but will be considered as a whole.

WRITTEN
ORAL
Overview of Qualifying Exam Process
Ph.D. candidates must write a dissertation. The dissertation is expected to make an original contribution to knowledge of the field. The student is eligible to receive the Ph.D. degree upon the successful defense of the dissertation. As a result of their course work and advising, students should have identified and discussed a dissertation advisory relationship with an appropriate faculty member by the time they begin the Capstone seminars.
1. Dissertation Committee
2. Criteria for Committee
3. The Prospectus and Prospectus Defense (“Preliminary Examination”)
4. Dissertation Defense (“Final Examination”)
The advising process constitutes a crucial dimension of the graduate experience. The advisement systems may vary somewhat between CPAP’s locations.
1. General Information about Advising
2. Assignment of Advisors
3. Transfer of Credit and Plan of Study Development
4. Doctoral Mentoring Program
As specified in the Policies of the Virginia Tech Graduate School, students may fulfill their doctoral residency requirement through two consecutive semesters of full-time enrollment. Students may also fulfill the residency requirement on the Blacksburg campus or in the National Capital via the following alternative plan, which has two components:

  1. Doctoral Mentoring Program: Participation through the completion of the Mentoring Program as described in Section H.4 above.
  2. Residency Capstone Seminar Sequence (Capstones A and B)

This is a special two-semester seminar sequence focused on the research and conceptual development of an academic paper, and the revision and continued development of the paper. The focus of the first seminar (Capstone A) is an advanced research topic demanding that students engage in intensive and original thought and analysis. Special colloquia and lecture presentations by various resource persons that follow the formal classroom sessions are also included in this program, and students are expected to attend and participate in them. During the second seminar in the sequence (Capstone B), students extensively critique and revise their manuscript from the first seminar, examine early research and developed research, learn about the publishing process, and present their work at the spring High Table conference. The final capstone requirement is to submit the manuscript for review to a journal.

University residency requirements require that National Capital Region students spend some time on the Blacksburg campus. Students enrolled in capstone seminars spend several days on the Blacksburg campus in the fall semester and in the spring semester during CPAP’s annual High Table conference.

A request for a waiver of any CPAP policy should be initially discussed by the student and his/her advisor. The request should then be presented to the CPAP chair. He or she shall use discretion to decide which, if any, of the CPAP policy making bodies should hear and decide the request. In all cases, strong and compelling evidence of both the necessity for the individual and minimal impact on the department must be presented.
A request for a waiver of any CPAP policy should be initially discussed by the student and his/her advisor. The request should then be presented to the CPAP chair. He or she shall use discretion to decide which, if any, of the CPAP policy making bodies should hear and decide the request. In all cases, strong and compelling evidence of both the necessity for the individual and minimal impact on the department must be presented.
1. The Program and Appeals Procedures at the Program and School Levels
2. The University Appeals Procedure
A. CORE FACULTY
B. NORMS FOR COURSE GRADING
C. STUDENT RESPONSIBILITIES AND GRADES
D. COMMITTEE PARTICIPATION AND MONITORING
E. CURRENCY OF POLICY GUIDELINES
SPIA and other University programs offer graduate certificates of possible interest to CPAP students. Two certificates – Homeland Security Policy and Local Government Management – are lodged in CPAP. MPA students may use certificate courses to fulfill elective requirements; one of the local government certificate courses may substitute for one of the required courses (either PAPA 6314 or PAPA 6324).
The graduate certificate in homeland security policy (12 credits) focuses on domestic security and emergency management issues. The certificate can serve either as a stand-alone credential of advanced educational achievement for non-degree students or as a supplement to a master’s or a doctoral degree. Taking four homeland security courses will introduce students to the complexity of the homeland security environment, from analyzing the terrorist threat, to considering questions of hazard mitigation, preparedness, and resilience, to investigating response and recovery strategies.

The certificate is comprised of four courses (12 hours of graduate coursework). The core courses focus on 1) threat (PAPA 5254 Homeland Security and the Terrorist Threat), 2) prevention (PAPA 6264 Advanced Topics in Policy: Homeland Security and Prevention 3) response and recovery (PAPA 5354 Homeland Security Response and Recovery). A fourth course is selected from specified electives.

MPA students may use the certificate as their concentration and reflect upon the certificate and homeland security issues in their portfolio or internship. Ph.D. students may use the certificate as a foundation for dissertation research in homeland security policy and management.

The graduate certificate in local government management (12 credits) is a set of master’s level courses designed to prepare the next generation of U.S. local government leaders including county and city managers. The certificate provides a thorough understanding of the operations of U.S. local government and the political and administrative contexts of working with elected officials, citizens, and other stakeholders. The courses are taught by current or former practitioners in Virginia local government and are available through at 12 sites throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia or at the Fairfax County Government Center. Master of Public Administration students can use the certificate courses to satisfy the 9 elective hours, and they can elect to substitute one course for either PAPA6314 (Public Budgeting Processes) or PAPA6324 (Public Personnel). (See the table below for the courses in the certificate.) An on-line version of the certificate examines local governments throughout the United States; students need permission from the program director to enroll in these on-line classes.

PAPA 5044: Local Government and the Professional Manager
PAPA 5784: Local Economic Development Planning
PAPA 6354: Human Resources, Financial and Performance Management for Local Government Managers
PAPA 6154: The Context of Local Government Management and Service Delivery

VT CPAP Contacts

Laura French, Graduate Student Coordinator (Blacksburg)
(540) 231-5133 | lhf@vt.edu

Myriam Lechuga, Graduate Student Coordinator (Washington D.C.)
(703) 706-8111 | mlechuga@vt.edu

Joe Rees, Faculty Coordinator (Richmond)
(540) 250-5632 | reesj@vt.edu

VT CPAP Locations

Blacksburg
104 Draper Rd. Blacksburg, VA 24061
Mail Code: 0520

Washington D.C.
1021 Prince Street Alexandria, VA 22314

Richmond
2810 N Parham Rd. Richmond, VA 23294

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Center for Public Administration and Policy (CPAP)

The Mission of the Virginia Tech Center for Public Administration and Policy (CPAP) is to promote good governance and the advancement of capable and ethical public service by providing outstanding education, research, and outreach in the theory and practice of public administration, management, and policy.
CPAP SEEKS:

  1. To provide qualified public service professionals currently in service and pre- or early-career students who plan to become public service professionals with a rigorous program of study for developing managerial, analytical, and normative evaluation skills in public management and public policy.
  2. To prepare teachers and scholars for faculty service in colleges and universities around the country and the world, thereby broadening the scope of knowledge in public administration and policy studies among administrators and citizenry.
  3. To engage faculty, practitioners, and graduate students in systematic research and study designed to improve the quality of policy making and public service within the varied jurisdictions of government in the Commonwealth of Virginia and the national capital region, as well as nationally and internationally.
SCHOLARSHIP AND COMMUNITY

CPAP is more than an academic department; we are a community dedicated to thoughtful public service through scholarship. CPAP is small when compared with other nationally-recognized schools of public affairs and public administration, permitting our students greater personal attention in academic advising and career guidance. Our size enables our faculty, staff, and students to develop strong personal ties, friendships and professional relationships that last long beyond their time at CPAP. No event better illustrates CPAP’s commitment to both scholarship and community than our annual High Table celebration. High Table brings faculty, students, alumni, and invited guests together to consider important questions in public administration and public policy, and most of all to celebrate the life of the mind.

ONE PROGRAM, THREE LOCATIONS

We offer courses in Blacksburg, the university’s main campus, as well as in Richmond, the state capital, and in Alexandria, in the national capital region. Our multiple locations offer connections to local, state, and federal government, international institutions, and non-profits. Faculty and students travel among the campuses and are connected by video technology.

SCHOLARSHIP

Faculty appear in the pages of top journals, including Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, Public Administration Review, Governance, and Policy Studies Journal. The Administration & Society journal is currently housed in our program.

Recent faculty books include:

Bureaucracy and Self-Government: Reconsidering the Role of Public Administration in American Politics
Democracy and Administration: Woodrow Wilson’s Ideas and the Challenges of Public Management
Disasters and the American State: How Politicians, Bureaucrats, and the Public Prepare for the Unexpected
Empowering the White House: Governance under Nixon, Ford, and Carter
The Ethics of Public Administration and the Challenges of Global Governance
Mission Mystique: Belief Systems in Public Agencies
The New Case for Bureaucracy
New Public Governance: A Regime Perspective
Patriots, Settlers, and the Origins of American Social Policy
Rethinking Environmental Justice in Sustainable Cities: Insights from Agent-Based Modeling
Working With Culture: How the Job Gets Done in Public Programs

SMALL SEMINARS

Classes are taught as seminars emphasizing student discussion, rather than in large lecture halls. Most classes have 10-20 students.

“Virginia Tech is well-known for its diverse student population, distinguished faculty, supportive alumni base, and unique 11-week Washington Semester Summer program.” 

– Best Value Schools

CPAP: Quick Facts

  • One program in three locations. Established in 1977 in Blacksburg, CPAP now offers degrees in Blacksburg, Alexandria, and Richmond. It is positioned to meet the distinctive educational needs of public administration professionals and scholars in each location, and to engage in research across all levels of American government as well as internationally. Students and faculty work together across locations, benefiting from engagement on a large university campus as well as in the United States and Virginia capitals.
  • CPAP has been ranked in the top 25 nationally in public management/administration by U.S. News & World Report, out of nearly 300 schools.
  • Virginia Tech has been ranked 15th in the 2015 Best Value Schools ranking of the 50 most innovative public service schools in the United States.
  • The MPA program is NASPAA accredited. NASPAA accreditation recognizes that a master’s degree program in public policy, affairs, or administration has undertaken a rigorous process of peer review.
  • Diverse student population. Each location contributes to the robust diversity of distinctive student populations and government contexts. CPAP combines full-time and part-time students, students with federal, state, and local government experience, as well as professionals from the private for-profit and non-profit sectors. And CPAP draws students from several regions of the U.S. and the world.
  • Faculty known for distinctive scholarship and teaching. CPAP faculty engage in world-class scholarship. From the founding faculty who established a unique scholarly signature with the theme of “refounding” public administration, to the most recent scholars to join CPAP, faculty work appears in top-ranked journals of the field and in books from prominent university presses, as well as in briefings to policymakers.
  • We are home to the journals Administration & Society and Law & Society Review.
  • Distinctive graduate-level certificate programs in Local Government, Public and Non-Profit Financial Management, and Homeland Security Policy. CPAP offers certificates for both degree and non-degree students, programs distinguished by their strategic responsiveness to the vital need to train executives, managers, and professionals in these areas, and the embedding of topics in rigorous scholarship as a path toward thoughtful public service.
  • Affiliated faculty dedicated to the CPAP enterprise. CPAP’s affiliated faculty bring a wealth of professional and academic experience to teaching, participate regularly in CPAP events and student development, and are fiercely loyal to and contribute materially to the sustained success of the CPAP.
  • A solid student and alumni/ae base. CPAP students recognize and embrace the special culture of CPAP and the close faculty-student connections that make the learning process transformational. As a result, CPAP enjoys a large, loyal, and very supportive graduates and superior networking opportunities for new students entering the program.

CPAP Academic Programs

The Masters in Public Administration degree provides the skills needed for positions involving policy, management, or executive responsibilities in public and not-for-profit settings. Among other occupations, our recent graduates are currently working as policy analysts, higher education administrators, law enforcement officials, budget analysts, city/county administrators and non-profit executives.

The PhD in Public Administration/Public Affairs (PAPA) prepares scholars for university faculty careers, and prepares scholars and administrators for policy-making and senior management positions and it engages practitioners and graduate students in research in a range of fields. Alumni include nationally recognized scholars and public servants working in local, state, and federal government agencies.

The Local Government Management Certificate provides the next generation of local government managers with the tools to advance their careers and provide exceptional leadership within the communities where they work. Students are exposed to a full spectrum of local government issues, service delivery options, and management tools. The analysis of a real life, local government case study is central to each classroom experience.

The Graduate Certificate in Public and Non Profit Financial Management is designed to develop students’ understanding of the concepts and practice of financial management in government, university, and complex non-profit organizations. Available throughout the commonwealth through virtual classroom technology, the Public and Non-Profit Financial Management certificate is designed for full-time students as well as part-time and working professional students.

The Homeland Security Policy Certificate focuses on domestic security and emergency management issues from a policy perspective. The certificate addresses issues of homeland security strategy, policy design, planning, operations, managing across and among networks, and implementation

CPAP Faculty

CPAP Resources for Students

Academic Resources on Developing and Delivering Effective Presentations

Here is a compilation of Virginia Tech and online resources that can provide you with some tips on giving great presentations.

RESOURCES THROUGH VIRGINIA TECH CAMPUS

The Comm Lab located in the Newman Library at Virginia Tech/ Blacksburg Campus

The mission of the organization is to provide Virginia Tech students and faculty members with access to constructive feedback and practical resources for improving oral presentations.  Students can gain valuable presentation-related insight and develop the necessary toolsets to become successful speakers.  The Comm Lab may be available for off-campus students through google hangouts.  Please inquire with the staff for their availability.  Students have to make appointments online, which is the best way to set up appointments.  The coaches are considered experts in public speaking. They will go through your Powerpoint presentation with you to make sure that you are meeting the professor’s objectives in your presentation.

Online Learning and Collaboration Services (Lynda.com; Software Tutorial and Training)

Lynda.com is your one stop shop for online tutorials and training in a variety of software suites and programs. Access is free to current Virginia Tech students, faculty, and staff. Once you are at the website, sign in via your PID to access the materials.  After you have entered the site, type in the skills you would like to learn (e.g. giving great presentations)

ONLINE RESOURCES

Improving Presentation Skills of PhD Students (By Susanne Ulm, Next Scientist)

Presentation Skills (Joel Bowman, Ph.D., West Michigan University)

Preparing an Oral Presentation (By Jeff Radel, Ph.D.,  University of Kansas Medical Center)

Ten Simple Rules for Making Good Oral Presentations (University of Nebraska-Lincoln)

Oral Presentation and PowerPoint (compiled by Joe Schall, Penn State)

Adapted from Style for Students (https://www.e-education.psu.edu/styleforstudents) by Joe Schall is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) via The Pennsylvania State University.

Why Bad Presentation Happen to Good Causes (Online Book by Andy Goodman)

YOU TUBE VIDEO RESOURCES

Public Speaking and Giving Presentation (By Scott Berkun, Author of the “Confessions of a Public Speaker”)

POWERPOINT SLIDES/RESOURCES

Giving Effective Presentations (By Lisa G. Bullard, Ph.D., North Carolina State University)

Presentation 101 for Graduate Students (By J. Paul Robinson, Ph.D., Purdue University)

Academic Resources on Writing

Here is a compilation of writing resources from Virginia Tech and other sources.

RESOURCES THROUGH VIRGINIA TECH CAMPUS

Writing Resources

For Individual Help

The Virginia Tech Writing Center:

http://www.composition.english.vt.edu/writing-center/

This is a free service to all Virginia Tech students, faculty, and staff, at all levels. Appointments are made online.  This service is done in-person and through google hangout for off-campus students.  They will work with writing and reading assignments from any course in the University. They can also help with writing projects not linked to classes.

GSA Research Symposium & Exposition

https://blogs.lt.vt.edu/gsars/abstract-submissions/writing-resources/

General Information

University Style Guide:

http://www.branding.unirel.vt.edu/style-guide/

Academic Writing Guide:

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/1/2/ 

Ethical Writing Guide:

http://www.lib.vt.edu/instruct/plagiarism/

Find/Citation and Style Manuals

http://www.lib.vt.edu/find/citation/index.html

On Professional/Academic Writing and Presenting

Resources for Technical and Grant Writing:

http://www.research.vt.edu/proposal-development-resources/resources/technical-and-grant-writing/index.php

Guidelines for scientific writing & presenting:

http://www.writing.engr.psu.edu/

How to write a good abstract:

http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2011/06/20/essential-guide-writing-good-abstracts/

How to write a good introduction:

http://www.jclinepi.com/article/S0895-4356(13)00020-6/pdf

On Writing Well

Bird by Bird: Some Instructions on Writing and Life by Anne Lamott

On Writing Well by William Zinsser

The Elements of Style by William Strunk and E. B. White

The Elements of Grammar by Margaret Shertzer

Style: Toward Clarity and Grace by Joseph M. Williams

Impro: Improvisation and the Theatre by Keith Johnstone

Free Play: Improvisation in Life and Art by Stephen Nachmanovitch

Improvisation for the Theatre by Viola Spolin[/su_spoiler]][/su_accordion][/

Application Deadlines for All Campuses

CPAP-SPECIFIC DEADLINES
For Fall admission, the deadline is May 1st.
For Spring Admission the deadline is November 1st.

INTERNATIONAL STUDENT DEADLINES
For Fall admission, the deadline is April 1st.
For Spring admission, the deadline is September 1st.

Tuition & Fees

The Bursar’s Office maintains complete information about Virginia Tech tuition and fees for in-state and out-of-state residents.

Financial Aid

For all other information about admissions and financial aid, please visit the graduate school admissions website.

Apply Online

Application and Fee. File an application with the graduate school online here and pay the nonrefundable application fee, which is currently $75.

Want more help with filing the application? See the graduate school’s help page.

Transcripts. Have two official copies of undergraduate and/or graduate study transcripts sent directly to the graduate school from universities and colleges previously attended. VT applicants an simply request from the registrar.

Personal Statement of Purpose. As part of the online application process, provide a personal statement in which you (a) describe previous employment experiences and (b) discuss thoughtfully your future career plans. The statement should express how the Center’s curriculum for which you are applying will assist you in achieving your future career goals.

Resume. As part of the online application process, provide a professional resume.

Test Scores. Applicants for the Ph.D. program must provide scores on a recognized aptitude test. The educational testing service will send the scores directly to the graduate school, upon request. The aptitude test scores are optional for MPA applicants. International students may be required to take TOEFL.

Letters of Recommendation/Reference Forms. As part of the online application, all applicants should arrange for submission of three (3) persons to provide a letters of recommendation. Once submitted, each reference is sent an electronic form to complete. Preferably the applicant’s references should include a mix of former professors and others who know the applicant professionally, such as employment supervisors or others who have had an opportunity to observe the applicant in a professional capacity. It is especially important that applicants to the Ph.D. program provide at least two letters or forms from former college or university teachers.

Paper Application

Paper Applications. If you are unable or choose not to apply online, you may download the application form for US and Permanent Resident Students or for International Students.

Submission. ALL PAPER APPLICANTS, including Northern Virginia and Richmond campuses, please send application materials including: application and fee, personal statement of purpose, resume, and letters of recommendation/reference forms directly to the Graduate School. Transcripts and test scores should be sent from the issuing authority to the same address.

Virginia Tech Graduate School (0325)
Graduate Life Center at Donaldson Brown
Blacksburg, Virginia 24061

To confirm that your application materials are complete please contact:

Center for Public Administration and Policy
Phone: (540) 231-5133
Email: cpap@vt.edu

CPAP Policy Guide

Download the Policy Guide

Read the Policy Guide

POLICY GUIDE

CENTER FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND POLICY
of the
School of Public and International Affairs (SPIA)
College of Architecture and Urban Studies (CAUS)

VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE AND STATE UNIVERSITY

January 2017

The mission of the Virginia Tech Center for Public Administration and Policy (CPAP) is to promote good governance and the advancement of capable and ethical public service by providing outstanding education, research, and outreach in the theory and practice of public administration, management, and policy.

CPAP seeks:

  1. To provide qualified public service professionals currently in service and pre- or early-career students who plan to become public service professionals with a rigorous program of study for developing managerial, analytical, and normative evaluation skills in public management and public policy.
  2. To prepare teachers and scholars for faculty service in colleges and universities around the country and the world, thereby broadening the scope of knowledge in public administration and policy studies among administrators and citizenry.
  3. To engage faculty, practitioners, and graduate students in systematic research and study designed to improve the quality of policy making and public service within the varied jurisdictions of government in the Commonwealth of Virginia and the national capital region, as well as nationally and internationally.

CPAP offers two degrees: the Master of Public Administration (MPA) and the Ph.D. in public administration and public affairs. The MPA is offered in Blacksburg, the National Capital Region (NCR), and Richmond. The Ph.D. is offered in Blacksburg and NCR. CPAP also is the home for two graduate certificates, in Homeland Security Policy and in Local Government Management.

Virginia Tech is committed to providing appropriate services and accommodations to allow identified students with disabilities access to academic programs. Information for students needing special services can be found at http://www.ssd.vt.edu/students.htm. CPAP students with special needs should contact the CPAP chair.

The Master of Public Administration (MPA) is a professional degree intended for future and present practitioners in the public service. Its purpose is to educate early career individuals for administrative and analytical posts and to improve the skills of in-career public administrators. International students should recognize that a substantial portion of the program’s subject matter focuses primarily upon public administration, management, and policy in the United States.
  1. Course in U.S. Government: Entering students must have taken at least one undergraduate course about the institutions of the U.S. government or have equivalent experience, training, or instruction. Equivalent experience is at least three years full-time work in local, state, or federal government. This prerequisite can also be satisfied by completing the CLEP American Government exam with a score of 60 or higher. If this requirement has not been fulfilled upon entry into the program, it should be fulfilled in the first semester.
  2. Statistics Course: All students enrolling in PAPA 6514 (Public Administration and Policy Inquiry) must have had a statistics course or be taking one concurrently. In order to enroll in PAPA 6224 (Public Policy Design and Implementation), students must have completed an introductory statistics course or meet an equivalent requirement as approved by faculty members teaching those courses, and have had the prerequisite of PAPA 6514 or equivalent. A diagnostic test to determine proficiency in basic statistics is available for advising purposes. Use of statistical tools and software are required in these courses.
  3. In order for a full-time student taking 12 hours each semester to complete the coursework for the degree program in three semesters, he or she must complete all prerequisites, including introductory statistics, before beginning the first fall semester. We advise most full-time students to take three courses each semester, using research and thesis hours if needed to reach the 12 hours that some assistantships require.
  4. Students must receive a grade of “C+” or better in all pre-requisites in order to gain entry to the relevant graduate courses.
  5. All students are expected to be familiar with the use of standard word processing, spreadsheets, file manipulation, and presentation software, plus e-mail and basic internet applications. Certain courses may require the use of additional statistical, modeling, or other software packages. In the case of students not having these skills, students should arrange appropriate training outside the standard CPAP curriculum.
Academic Requirements
Internship Requirement
Transferring Credit
Course Advising and Course Substitutions
Plan of Study
Course Load, Other Requirements, and Graduation Procedures
Effective for students entering in Fall 2013 and after, all MPA students in their final semester of study shall present and defend an electronic portfolio that includes a variety of course and other program-related materials. Assessment of the portfolio is based on the six performance objectives below; through the portfolio, each student provides evidence (e.g., course assignments, internship reports, videotaped presentations) showing fulfillment of the evaluation criteria associated with each performance objective.

The portfolio is a project about which students should think about and work toward throughout their time in the program. Its overall purpose is to demonstrate that a student’s educational experiences, work, and new knowledge show that she or he has developed the competencies expected of an MPA graduate. The performance objectives that follow reflect the “universal competencies” that we and NASPAA, our accrediting organization, expect MPA students to have developed and strengthened as they complete their degrees.

a. Performance Objective: Communicate effectively through organized, concise, and grammatically correct writing
b. Performance Objective: Communicate effectively through a structured, appropriate, and well-timed presentation
c. Performance Objective: Use qualitative and quantitative research methods appropriate to the nature of the task
d. Performance Objective: Apply theory to practice in a range of settings
e. Performance Objective: Understand the nature and functions of management and leadership in policy formulation, development, and implementation
f. Performance Objective: Recognize, analyze, and understand the normative dimensions of management and policy issues
Where applicable, MPA core courses will provide students with the opportunity to address the performance objectives. It is the instructor’s responsibility to determine which performance objectives are applicable to a particular course and to develop assignments that address the objectives. However, it is ultimately each student’s responsibility to fulfill each of the performance objectives by meeting the evaluation criteria. Instructors are not required to create assignments that explicitly align with the evaluation criteria. Each student will determine which products provide the best evidence of satisfaction of the evaluation criteria. Products can include, but are not limited to, assignments from core MPA courses, assignments from elective courses, personal statements or essays developed specifically for the portfolio, or work products (provided the product was created while the student was enrolled in the MPA program). However, at least one assignment from each core MPA course must be included in the portfolio. Thus, at minimum, the portfolio must include 9 distinct products, but students are strongly encouraged to use multiple relevant products to illustrate conformance with each of the criteria; repeated use of one product to demonstrate conformance with more than one objective should be done only if necessary.

Each portfolio also will contain a substantive narrative describing the items that are included and explaining how these products demonstrate conformance with the performance objectives.

Portfolios will be archived and available for viewing by CPAP faculty, students, and anyone given explicit permission by the CPAP faculty. Additionally, students are encouraged, but not required, to make portfolios available to the public via the CPAP website.
Please note that there is no single correct template for portfolio development. Students are encouraged to review past portfolios for ideas, but not necessarily as templates for their own portfolios.

During the final semester of study, the student will enroll in PAPA 5904, which is offered each Fall and Spring semester. Prior to the first class meeting, the student should conduct a self-assessment to evaluate performance for each objective, and identify areas for improvement.
During the semester, the PAPA 5904 instructor will advise the student on determining which types of products may be most useful for satisfying each performance objective. Working with the PAPA 5904 instructor, the student will craft a written portfolio narrative and presentation, and develop a plan for ensuring conformance with the performance objectives and associated evaluative criteria that the student or the instructor identify as needing additional attention.

At the conclusion of PAPA 5904, the student will have prepared a final narrative, will have addressed any outstanding issues in demonstrating conformance, and will have developed the final portfolio.

The portfolio including the narrative will be finalized and submitted to the student’s faculty advisor and committee no later than 10 days before the last day of classes in the semester during which the student defends the portfolio.

a. Portfolio Defense
During the final week of classes, MPA committees will hold a portfolio defense meeting with each graduating student. This constitutes the MPA final exam. Students will have five to ten minutes to describe how their portfolios demonstrate satisfaction of performance objectives. The committee members and other faculty will then have 15 minutes to ask questions. Without the student present, the committee members will deliberate and reach a final exam result. The committee will inform the student of the exam result, and where appropriate, designate requirements the student must meet for developing additional actions to ensure conformance.

b. Grading
Committees will evaluate the student’s portfolio and oral defense on each of the performance objectives according to the following three possible outcomes: Pass with Distinction, Pass, or Fail.

  1. Fail: If a student receives a grade of Fail from the committee on any performance objective, the student must submit an outline for addressing this discrepancy to the committee within 48 hours. The committee chair must then agree that the plan will achieve conformance with the objective in order for the student to be declared eligible for graduation. If the committee does not declare the student eligible to graduate, the student must submit a detailed plan ensuring conformance with all performance objectives for which the committee indicated a grade of Fail. The student must submit this plan by the first day of classes in the ensuing Fall or Spring semester and register for any remaining courses, or if all other course requirements are complete request a Start of Semester Defense Exception (SSDE). The student and committee will meet within the first five weeks of the semester to discuss the plan, recommend any changes and complete the portfolio process.
  2. Pass: If the Committee passes the student on all six performance objectives, a grade of Pass for the portfolio and the final exam will be submitted, and the student will be eligible to graduate.
  3. Pass with Distinction: In order to Pass with Distinction, students must receive unanimous Pass with Distinction ratings from all committee members on all performance objectives. It is expected that few students will achieve a Pass with Distinction.
All MPA committee members are appointed by the Graduate School upon the recommendation of the CPAP chair. For each student’s committee, the committee chair (or co-chair) must be a member of the CPAP core faculty, and the committee must include three faculty members total, with a majority consisting of CPAP core faculty. CPAP faculty emeriti/ae, faculty from other departments, and adjunct faculty may serve on a student’s committee with approval of the CPAP chair. Appropriate non-faculty personnel may be recommended to the Dean of the Graduate School for inclusion on an MPA committee. Graduate students may not serve on an MPA committee. The full committee must be present for the portfolio meeting, and members must contribute to determining whether the student’s portfolio is a Fail, Pass, or Pass with Distinction.
Required Courses (27 Credit Hours)
Electives (9 credits), Internship, and Portfolio Requirement (3 Credits)
The Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) is academia’s highest degree and prepares one for research and scholarship, whether or not in affiliation with a university. The Center offers this degree for both full-time and part-time students. Many of these students are mid-career professionals who have reached a point in their professional development where they can commit the time and energy necessary to earn the Ph.D. degree. Qualified individuals just beginning their careers are also welcome. A master’s degree in a relevant field (not necessarily public administration or public policy) ordinarily is required for admission, but this requirement can be waived in exceptional cases. Those earning the CPAP MPA degree may apply for admission to the Ph.D. program as the end of the MPA work draws near.

All Ph.D. students take foundation courses in five core areas: policy, organizations, management, ethics, and theory/context. Advanced Topic courses examine topics in the core areas at a deeper level, and the two capstone seminars are a gateway to advanced research and preparation for the dissertation. Other components of the program include Measurement and Analysis Tools, Concentration Courses, the Qualifying Examination, the Prospectus Defense (Graduate School “Preliminary Exam”), and the Dissertation and defense (Graduate School “Final Exam”).

Entering students must have had courses in United States government, microeconomics, and introductory statistics. Students failing to meet this requirement must take these courses as soon as possible and must have completed them prior to enrolling in PAPA 6224. The U.S. government prerequisite may be satisfied by equivalent experience, training, or instruction. Equivalent experience is at least three years full-time work in local, state, or federal government in the U.S. This prerequisite also can be satisfied by completing the CLEP American Government exam with a score of 60 or higher. If this requirement has not been fulfilled upon entry into the program, it should be fulfilled in the first semester. Computer competency is also required.
A minimum of 90 credit hours is needed for the Doctor of Philosophy degree. A maximum of one half of the coursework, or 30 of the 60 credit hours of coursework required for the CPAP Ph.D., may be transferred from an accredited university other than Virginia Tech upon approval by two core faculty evaluating the student’s plan of study. The 60 course work credits include 18 hours of foundation courses, 15 hours of advanced topics and capstone courses, 6 hours of measurement, 9 hours of electives, and 12 hours of research concentration. These courses must correspond to the requirements of the five curriculum core areas. Students must also take 30 hours of research and dissertation credit, three hours of which must be constituted by participation in 15 sessions of the Doctoral Mentoring Program (DMP) or other activities approved by the faculty for DMP credit.
1. Foundation Courses
2. Advanced Topics Courses
3. Capstone Seminars
A basic knowledge of statistics and familiarity with computers is assumed upon admission. Students taking PAPA 6514, Public Administration and Policy Inquiry, or substitute research methods courses approved by the faculty, will be expected to use qualitative and quantitative inquiry and computing skills. If they have not already completed this coursework elsewhere, students are required to complete a graduate-level, intermediate statistics course, which covers techniques through multiple regression. Where appropriate, based on the student’s research interests and with the approval of the student’s adviser, coursework covering other techniques in advanced qualitative and quantitative analysis may be substituted for multiple regression, such as ethnographic field work, textual analysis, historical research, survey design, simulation, operations research, or mathematical programming. Students may enroll in these advanced courses prior to or while enrolled in either PAPA 6514 or PAPA 6224.
1. Focused Study
2. Concentration Lecture
FOUNDATION COURSES (18 Hours)
ADVANCED TOPICS (AT) COURSES (9 Hours)
CAPSTONE SEMINARS*
MEASUREMENT & ANALYSIS TOOLS (6 Credit Hours)
ELECTIVES (9 Credit Hours)
QUALIFYING EXAMINATION* (see Section F below)
RESEARCH CONCENTRATION* (12 Credit Hours)
DISSERTATION HOURS* (30 Credit Hours)
This examination tests the substantive knowledge, analytical ability, intellectual ability, and writing skills necessary for completing the Ph.D. in Public Administration and Public Affairs. For all Ph.D. students, the format of the exam will change effective Fall 2017.

The Qualifying Exam is designed to assess student mastery of the material covered in the six Foundation courses. Students are eligible to take the exam as soon as they have accumulated at least 21 credit hours of CPA-specific course work, which must include the 18 credit hours of foundation courses plus PAPA 6514 or its designated alternative. Students must take the exam no later than after the completion of 30 credit hours, which must include all required foundation courses plus PAPA 6514 or its designated alternative. The exam will be offered in the fall and spring semesters, and students may choose to register for the qualifying exam as soon as they meet the minimum credit hour and course threshold. The Virginia Tech Graduate Honor Code is in effect for all aspects of this examination.

Students select three of the five core areas – Complex Organizations, Ethics, Public Management, Theory and Context of Public Administration, and Public Policy – to be tested in. The qualifying examination has two parts – written and oral – but will be considered as a whole.

WRITTEN
ORAL
Overview of Qualifying Exam Process
Ph.D. candidates must write a dissertation. The dissertation is expected to make an original contribution to knowledge of the field. The student is eligible to receive the Ph.D. degree upon the successful defense of the dissertation. As a result of their course work and advising, students should have identified and discussed a dissertation advisory relationship with an appropriate faculty member by the time they begin the Capstone seminars.
1. Dissertation Committee
2. Criteria for Committee
3. The Prospectus and Prospectus Defense (“Preliminary Examination”)
4. Dissertation Defense (“Final Examination”)
The advising process constitutes a crucial dimension of the graduate experience. The advisement systems may vary somewhat between CPAP’s locations.
1. General Information about Advising
2. Assignment of Advisors
3. Transfer of Credit and Plan of Study Development
4. Doctoral Mentoring Program
As specified in the Policies of the Virginia Tech Graduate School, students may fulfill their doctoral residency requirement through two consecutive semesters of full-time enrollment. Students may also fulfill the residency requirement on the Blacksburg campus or in the National Capital via the following alternative plan, which has two components:

  1. Doctoral Mentoring Program: Participation through the completion of the Mentoring Program as described in Section H.4 above.
  2. Residency Capstone Seminar Sequence (Capstones A and B)

This is a special two-semester seminar sequence focused on the research and conceptual development of an academic paper, and the revision and continued development of the paper. The focus of the first seminar (Capstone A) is an advanced research topic demanding that students engage in intensive and original thought and analysis. Special colloquia and lecture presentations by various resource persons that follow the formal classroom sessions are also included in this program, and students are expected to attend and participate in them. During the second seminar in the sequence (Capstone B), students extensively critique and revise their manuscript from the first seminar, examine early research and developed research, learn about the publishing process, and present their work at the spring High Table conference. The final capstone requirement is to submit the manuscript for review to a journal.

University residency requirements require that National Capital Region students spend some time on the Blacksburg campus. Students enrolled in capstone seminars spend several days on the Blacksburg campus in the fall semester and in the spring semester during CPAP’s annual High Table conference.

A request for a waiver of any CPAP policy should be initially discussed by the student and his/her advisor. The request should then be presented to the CPAP chair. He or she shall use discretion to decide which, if any, of the CPAP policy making bodies should hear and decide the request. In all cases, strong and compelling evidence of both the necessity for the individual and minimal impact on the department must be presented.
A request for a waiver of any CPAP policy should be initially discussed by the student and his/her advisor. The request should then be presented to the CPAP chair. He or she shall use discretion to decide which, if any, of the CPAP policy making bodies should hear and decide the request. In all cases, strong and compelling evidence of both the necessity for the individual and minimal impact on the department must be presented.
1. The Program and Appeals Procedures at the Program and School Levels
2. The University Appeals Procedure
A. CORE FACULTY
B. NORMS FOR COURSE GRADING
C. STUDENT RESPONSIBILITIES AND GRADES
D. COMMITTEE PARTICIPATION AND MONITORING
E. CURRENCY OF POLICY GUIDELINES
SPIA and other University programs offer graduate certificates of possible interest to CPAP students. Two certificates – Homeland Security Policy and Local Government Management – are lodged in CPAP. MPA students may use certificate courses to fulfill elective requirements; one of the local government certificate courses may substitute for one of the required courses (either PAPA 6314 or PAPA 6324).
The graduate certificate in homeland security policy (12 credits) focuses on domestic security and emergency management issues. The certificate can serve either as a stand-alone credential of advanced educational achievement for non-degree students or as a supplement to a master’s or a doctoral degree. Taking four homeland security courses will introduce students to the complexity of the homeland security environment, from analyzing the terrorist threat, to considering questions of hazard mitigation, preparedness, and resilience, to investigating response and recovery strategies.

The certificate is comprised of four courses (12 hours of graduate coursework). The core courses focus on 1) threat (PAPA 5254 Homeland Security and the Terrorist Threat), 2) prevention (PAPA 6264 Advanced Topics in Policy: Homeland Security and Prevention 3) response and recovery (PAPA 5354 Homeland Security Response and Recovery). A fourth course is selected from specified electives.

MPA students may use the certificate as their concentration and reflect upon the certificate and homeland security issues in their portfolio or internship. Ph.D. students may use the certificate as a foundation for dissertation research in homeland security policy and management.

The graduate certificate in local government management (12 credits) is a set of master’s level courses designed to prepare the next generation of U.S. local government leaders including county and city managers. The certificate provides a thorough understanding of the operations of U.S. local government and the political and administrative contexts of working with elected officials, citizens, and other stakeholders. The courses are taught by current or former practitioners in Virginia local government and are available through at 12 sites throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia or at the Fairfax County Government Center. Master of Public Administration students can use the certificate courses to satisfy the 9 elective hours, and they can elect to substitute one course for either PAPA6314 (Public Budgeting Processes) or PAPA6324 (Public Personnel). (See the table below for the courses in the certificate.) An on-line version of the certificate examines local governments throughout the United States; students need permission from the program director to enroll in these on-line classes.

PAPA 5044: Local Government and the Professional Manager
PAPA 5784: Local Economic Development Planning
PAPA 6354: Human Resources, Financial and Performance Management for Local Government Managers
PAPA 6154: The Context of Local Government Management and Service Delivery

VT CPAP Contacts

Laura French, Graduate Student Coordinator (Blacksburg)
(540) 231-5133 | lhf@vt.edu

Myriam Lechuga, Graduate Student Coordinator (Washington D.C.)
(703) 706-8111 | mlechuga@vt.edu

Joe Rees, Faculty Coordinator (Richmond)
(540) 250-5632 | reesj@vt.edu

VT CPAP Locations

Blacksburg
104 Draper Rd. Blacksburg, VA 24061
Mail Code: 0520

Washington D.C.
1021 Prince Street Alexandria, VA 22314

Richmond
2810 N Parham Rd. Richmond, VA 23294

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Center for Public Administration and Policy (CPAP)

The Mission of the Virginia Tech Center for Public Administration and Policy (CPAP) is to promote good governance and the advancement of capable and ethical public service by providing outstanding education, research, and outreach in the theory and practice of public administration, management, and policy.
CPAP SEEKS:

  1. To provide qualified public service professionals currently in service and pre- or early-career students who plan to become public service professionals with a rigorous program of study for developing managerial, analytical, and normative evaluation skills in public management and public policy.
  2. To prepare teachers and scholars for faculty service in colleges and universities around the country and the world, thereby broadening the scope of knowledge in public administration and policy studies among administrators and citizenry.
  3. To engage faculty, practitioners, and graduate students in systematic research and study designed to improve the quality of policy making and public service within the varied jurisdictions of government in the Commonwealth of Virginia and the national capital region, as well as nationally and internationally.
SCHOLARSHIP AND COMMUNITY

CPAP is more than an academic department; we are a community dedicated to thoughtful public service through scholarship. CPAP is small when compared with other nationally-recognized schools of public affairs and public administration, permitting our students greater personal attention in academic advising and career guidance. Our size enables our faculty, staff, and students to develop strong personal ties, friendships and professional relationships that last long beyond their time at CPAP. No event better illustrates CPAP’s commitment to both scholarship and community than our annual High Table celebration. High Table brings faculty, students, alumni, and invited guests together to consider important questions in public administration and public policy, and most of all to celebrate the life of the mind.

ONE PROGRAM, THREE LOCATIONS

We offer courses in Blacksburg, the university’s main campus, as well as in Richmond, the state capital, and in Alexandria, in the national capital region. Our multiple locations offer connections to local, state, and federal government, international institutions, and non-profits. Faculty and students travel among the campuses and are connected by video technology.

SCHOLARSHIP

Faculty appear in the pages of top journals, including Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, Public Administration Review, Governance, and Policy Studies Journal. The Administration & Society journal is currently housed in our program.

Recent faculty books include:

Bureaucracy and Self-Government: Reconsidering the Role of Public Administration in American Politics
Democracy and Administration: Woodrow Wilson’s Ideas and the Challenges of Public Management
Disasters and the American State: How Politicians, Bureaucrats, and the Public Prepare for the Unexpected
Empowering the White House: Governance under Nixon, Ford, and Carter
The Ethics of Public Administration and the Challenges of Global Governance
Mission Mystique: Belief Systems in Public Agencies
The New Case for Bureaucracy
New Public Governance: A Regime Perspective
Patriots, Settlers, and the Origins of American Social Policy
Rethinking Environmental Justice in Sustainable Cities: Insights from Agent-Based Modeling
Working With Culture: How the Job Gets Done in Public Programs

SMALL SEMINARS

Classes are taught as seminars emphasizing student discussion, rather than in large lecture halls. Most classes have 10-20 students.

“Virginia Tech is well-known for its diverse student population, distinguished faculty, supportive alumni base, and unique 11-week Washington Semester Summer program.” 

– Best Value Schools

CPAP: Quick Facts

  • One program in three locations. Established in 1977 in Blacksburg, CPAP now offers degrees in Blacksburg, Alexandria, and Richmond. It is positioned to meet the distinctive educational needs of public administration professionals and scholars in each location, and to engage in research across all levels of American government as well as internationally. Students and faculty work together across locations, benefiting from engagement on a large university campus as well as in the United States and Virginia capitals.
  • CPAP has been ranked in the top 25 nationally in public management/administration by U.S. News & World Report, out of nearly 300 schools.
  • Virginia Tech has been ranked 15th in the 2015 Best Value Schools ranking of the 50 most innovative public service schools in the United States.
  • The MPA program is NASPAA accredited. NASPAA accreditation recognizes that a master’s degree program in public policy, affairs, or administration has undertaken a rigorous process of peer review.
  • Diverse student population. Each location contributes to the robust diversity of distinctive student populations and government contexts. CPAP combines full-time and part-time students, students with federal, state, and local government experience, as well as professionals from the private for-profit and non-profit sectors. And CPAP draws students from several regions of the U.S. and the world.
  • Faculty known for distinctive scholarship and teaching. CPAP faculty engage in world-class scholarship. From the founding faculty who established a unique scholarly signature with the theme of “refounding” public administration, to the most recent scholars to join CPAP, faculty work appears in top-ranked journals of the field and in books from prominent university presses, as well as in briefings to policymakers.
  • We are home to the journals Administration & Society and Law & Society Review.
  • Distinctive graduate-level certificate programs in Local Government, Public and Non-Profit Financial Management, and Homeland Security Policy. CPAP offers certificates for both degree and non-degree students, programs distinguished by their strategic responsiveness to the vital need to train executives, managers, and professionals in these areas, and the embedding of topics in rigorous scholarship as a path toward thoughtful public service.
  • Affiliated faculty dedicated to the CPAP enterprise. CPAP’s affiliated faculty bring a wealth of professional and academic experience to teaching, participate regularly in CPAP events and student development, and are fiercely loyal to and contribute materially to the sustained success of the CPAP.
  • A solid student and alumni/ae base. CPAP students recognize and embrace the special culture of CPAP and the close faculty-student connections that make the learning process transformational. As a result, CPAP enjoys a large, loyal, and very supportive graduates and superior networking opportunities for new students entering the program.

CPAP Academic Programs

The Masters in Public Administration degree provides the skills needed for positions involving policy, management, or executive responsibilities in public and not-for-profit settings. Among other occupations, our recent graduates are currently working as policy analysts, higher education administrators, law enforcement officials, budget analysts, city/county administrators and non-profit executives.

The PhD in Public Administration/Public Affairs (PAPA) prepares scholars for university faculty careers, and prepares scholars and administrators for policy-making and senior management positions and it engages practitioners and graduate students in research in a range of fields. Alumni include nationally recognized scholars and public servants working in local, state, and federal government agencies.

The Local Government Management Certificate provides the next generation of local government managers with the tools to advance their careers and provide exceptional leadership within the communities where they work. Students are exposed to a full spectrum of local government issues, service delivery options, and management tools. The analysis of a real life, local government case study is central to each classroom experience.

The Graduate Certificate in Public and Non Profit Financial Management is designed to develop students’ understanding of the concepts and practice of financial management in government, university, and complex non-profit organizations. Available throughout the commonwealth through virtual classroom technology, the Public and Non-Profit Financial Management certificate is designed for full-time students as well as part-time and working professional students.

The Homeland Security Policy Certificate focuses on domestic security and emergency management issues from a policy perspective. The certificate addresses issues of homeland security strategy, policy design, planning, operations, managing across and among networks, and implementation

CPAP Faculty

CPAP Resources for Students

Academic Resources on Developing and Delivering Effective Presentations

Here is a compilation of Virginia Tech and online resources that can provide you with some tips on giving great presentations.

RESOURCES THROUGH VIRGINIA TECH CAMPUS

The Comm Lab located in the Newman Library at Virginia Tech/ Blacksburg Campus

The mission of the organization is to provide Virginia Tech students and faculty members with access to constructive feedback and practical resources for improving oral presentations.  Students can gain valuable presentation-related insight and develop the necessary toolsets to become successful speakers.  The Comm Lab may be available for off-campus students through google hangouts.  Please inquire with the staff for their availability.  Students have to make appointments online, which is the best way to set up appointments.  The coaches are considered experts in public speaking. They will go through your Powerpoint presentation with you to make sure that you are meeting the professor’s objectives in your presentation.

Online Learning and Collaboration Services (Lynda.com; Software Tutorial and Training)

Lynda.com is your one stop shop for online tutorials and training in a variety of software suites and programs. Access is free to current Virginia Tech students, faculty, and staff. Once you are at the website, sign in via your PID to access the materials.  After you have entered the site, type in the skills you would like to learn (e.g. giving great presentations)

ONLINE RESOURCES

Improving Presentation Skills of PhD Students (By Susanne Ulm, Next Scientist)

Presentation Skills (Joel Bowman, Ph.D., West Michigan University)

Preparing an Oral Presentation (By Jeff Radel, Ph.D.,  University of Kansas Medical Center)

Ten Simple Rules for Making Good Oral Presentations (University of Nebraska-Lincoln)

Oral Presentation and PowerPoint (compiled by Joe Schall, Penn State)

Adapted from Style for Students (https://www.e-education.psu.edu/styleforstudents) by Joe Schall is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) via The Pennsylvania State University.

Why Bad Presentation Happen to Good Causes (Online Book by Andy Goodman)

YOU TUBE VIDEO RESOURCES

Public Speaking and Giving Presentation (By Scott Berkun, Author of the “Confessions of a Public Speaker”)

POWERPOINT SLIDES/RESOURCES

Giving Effective Presentations (By Lisa G. Bullard, Ph.D., North Carolina State University)

Presentation 101 for Graduate Students (By J. Paul Robinson, Ph.D., Purdue University)

Academic Resources on Writing

Here is a compilation of writing resources from Virginia Tech and other sources.

RESOURCES THROUGH VIRGINIA TECH CAMPUS

Writing Resources

For Individual Help

The Virginia Tech Writing Center:

http://www.composition.english.vt.edu/writing-center/

This is a free service to all Virginia Tech students, faculty, and staff, at all levels. Appointments are made online.  This service is done in-person and through google hangout for off-campus students.  They will work with writing and reading assignments from any course in the University. They can also help with writing projects not linked to classes.

GSA Research Symposium & Exposition

https://blogs.lt.vt.edu/gsars/abstract-submissions/writing-resources/

General Information

University Style Guide:

http://www.branding.unirel.vt.edu/style-guide/

Academic Writing Guide:

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/1/2/ 

Ethical Writing Guide:

http://www.lib.vt.edu/instruct/plagiarism/

Find/Citation and Style Manuals

http://www.lib.vt.edu/find/citation/index.html

On Professional/Academic Writing and Presenting

Resources for Technical and Grant Writing:

http://www.research.vt.edu/proposal-development-resources/resources/technical-and-grant-writing/index.php

Guidelines for scientific writing & presenting:

http://www.writing.engr.psu.edu/

How to write a good abstract:

http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2011/06/20/essential-guide-writing-good-abstracts/

How to write a good introduction:

http://www.jclinepi.com/article/S0895-4356(13)00020-6/pdf

On Writing Well

Bird by Bird: Some Instructions on Writing and Life by Anne Lamott

On Writing Well by William Zinsser

The Elements of Style by William Strunk and E. B. White

The Elements of Grammar by Margaret Shertzer

Style: Toward Clarity and Grace by Joseph M. Williams

Impro: Improvisation and the Theatre by Keith Johnstone

Free Play: Improvisation in Life and Art by Stephen Nachmanovitch

Improvisation for the Theatre by Viola Spolin[/su_spoiler]][/su_accordion][/

Application Deadlines for All Campuses

CPAP-SPECIFIC DEADLINES
For Fall admission, the deadline is May 1st.
For Spring Admission the deadline is November 1st.

INTERNATIONAL STUDENT DEADLINES
For Fall admission, the deadline is April 1st.
For Spring admission, the deadline is September 1st.

Tuition & Fees

The Bursar’s Office maintains complete information about Virginia Tech tuition and fees for in-state and out-of-state residents.

Financial Aid

For all other information about admissions and financial aid, please visit the graduate school admissions website.

Apply Online

Application and Fee. File an application with the graduate school online here and pay the nonrefundable application fee, which is currently $75.

Want more help with filing the application? See the graduate school’s help page.

Transcripts. Have two official copies of undergraduate and/or graduate study transcripts sent directly to the graduate school from universities and colleges previously attended. VT applicants an simply request from the registrar.

Personal Statement of Purpose. As part of the online application process, provide a personal statement in which you (a) describe previous employment experiences and (b) discuss thoughtfully your future career plans. The statement should express how the Center’s curriculum for which you are applying will assist you in achieving your future career goals.

Resume. As part of the online application process, provide a professional resume.

Test Scores. Applicants for the Ph.D. program must provide scores on a recognized aptitude test. The educational testing service will send the scores directly to the graduate school, upon request. The aptitude test scores are optional for MPA applicants. International students may be required to take TOEFL.

Letters of Recommendation/Reference Forms. As part of the online application, all applicants should arrange for submission of three (3) persons to provide a letters of recommendation. Once submitted, each reference is sent an electronic form to complete. Preferably the applicant’s references should include a mix of former professors and others who know the applicant professionally, such as employment supervisors or others who have had an opportunity to observe the applicant in a professional capacity. It is especially important that applicants to the Ph.D. program provide at least two letters or forms from former college or university teachers.

Paper Application

Paper Applications. If you are unable or choose not to apply online, you may download the application form for US and Permanent Resident Students or for International Students.

Submission. ALL PAPER APPLICANTS, including Northern Virginia and Richmond campuses, please send application materials including: application and fee, personal statement of purpose, resume, and letters of recommendation/reference forms directly to the Graduate School. Transcripts and test scores should be sent from the issuing authority to the same address.

Virginia Tech Graduate School (0325)
Graduate Life Center at Donaldson Brown
Blacksburg, Virginia 24061

To confirm that your application materials are complete please contact:

Center for Public Administration and Policy
Phone: (540) 231-5133
Email: cpap@vt.edu

CPAP Policy Guide

Download the Policy Guide

Read the Policy Guide

POLICY GUIDE

CENTER FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND POLICY
of the
School of Public and International Affairs (SPIA)
College of Architecture and Urban Studies (CAUS)

VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE AND STATE UNIVERSITY

January 2017

The mission of the Virginia Tech Center for Public Administration and Policy (CPAP) is to promote good governance and the advancement of capable and ethical public service by providing outstanding education, research, and outreach in the theory and practice of public administration, management, and policy.

CPAP seeks:

  1. To provide qualified public service professionals currently in service and pre- or early-career students who plan to become public service professionals with a rigorous program of study for developing managerial, analytical, and normative evaluation skills in public management and public policy.
  2. To prepare teachers and scholars for faculty service in colleges and universities around the country and the world, thereby broadening the scope of knowledge in public administration and policy studies among administrators and citizenry.
  3. To engage faculty, practitioners, and graduate students in systematic research and study designed to improve the quality of policy making and public service within the varied jurisdictions of government in the Commonwealth of Virginia and the national capital region, as well as nationally and internationally.

CPAP offers two degrees: the Master of Public Administration (MPA) and the Ph.D. in public administration and public affairs. The MPA is offered in Blacksburg, the National Capital Region (NCR), and Richmond. The Ph.D. is offered in Blacksburg and NCR. CPAP also is the home for two graduate certificates, in Homeland Security Policy and in Local Government Management.

Virginia Tech is committed to providing appropriate services and accommodations to allow identified students with disabilities access to academic programs. Information for students needing special services can be found at http://www.ssd.vt.edu/students.htm. CPAP students with special needs should contact the CPAP chair.

The Master of Public Administration (MPA) is a professional degree intended for future and present practitioners in the public service. Its purpose is to educate early career individuals for administrative and analytical posts and to improve the skills of in-career public administrators. International students should recognize that a substantial portion of the program’s subject matter focuses primarily upon public administration, management, and policy in the United States.
  1. Course in U.S. Government: Entering students must have taken at least one undergraduate course about the institutions of the U.S. government or have equivalent experience, training, or instruction. Equivalent experience is at least three years full-time work in local, state, or federal government. This prerequisite can also be satisfied by completing the CLEP American Government exam with a score of 60 or higher. If this requirement has not been fulfilled upon entry into the program, it should be fulfilled in the first semester.
  2. Statistics Course: All students enrolling in PAPA 6514 (Public Administration and Policy Inquiry) must have had a statistics course or be taking one concurrently. In order to enroll in PAPA 6224 (Public Policy Design and Implementation), students must have completed an introductory statistics course or meet an equivalent requirement as approved by faculty members teaching those courses, and have had the prerequisite of PAPA 6514 or equivalent. A diagnostic test to determine proficiency in basic statistics is available for advising purposes. Use of statistical tools and software are required in these courses.
  3. In order for a full-time student taking 12 hours each semester to complete the coursework for the degree program in three semesters, he or she must complete all prerequisites, including introductory statistics, before beginning the first fall semester. We advise most full-time students to take three courses each semester, using research and thesis hours if needed to reach the 12 hours that some assistantships require.
  4. Students must receive a grade of “C+” or better in all pre-requisites in order to gain entry to the relevant graduate courses.
  5. All students are expected to be familiar with the use of standard word processing, spreadsheets, file manipulation, and presentation software, plus e-mail and basic internet applications. Certain courses may require the use of additional statistical, modeling, or other software packages. In the case of students not having these skills, students should arrange appropriate training outside the standard CPAP curriculum.
Academic Requirements
Internship Requirement
Transferring Credit
Course Advising and Course Substitutions
Plan of Study
Course Load, Other Requirements, and Graduation Procedures
Effective for students entering in Fall 2013 and after, all MPA students in their final semester of study shall present and defend an electronic portfolio that includes a variety of course and other program-related materials. Assessment of the portfolio is based on the six performance objectives below; through the portfolio, each student provides evidence (e.g., course assignments, internship reports, videotaped presentations) showing fulfillment of the evaluation criteria associated with each performance objective.

The portfolio is a project about which students should think about and work toward throughout their time in the program. Its overall purpose is to demonstrate that a student’s educational experiences, work, and new knowledge show that she or he has developed the competencies expected of an MPA graduate. The performance objectives that follow reflect the “universal competencies” that we and NASPAA, our accrediting organization, expect MPA students to have developed and strengthened as they complete their degrees.

a. Performance Objective: Communicate effectively through organized, concise, and grammatically correct writing
b. Performance Objective: Communicate effectively through a structured, appropriate, and well-timed presentation
c. Performance Objective: Use qualitative and quantitative research methods appropriate to the nature of the task
d. Performance Objective: Apply theory to practice in a range of settings
e. Performance Objective: Understand the nature and functions of management and leadership in policy formulation, development, and implementation
f. Performance Objective: Recognize, analyze, and understand the normative dimensions of management and policy issues
Where applicable, MPA core courses will provide students with the opportunity to address the performance objectives. It is the instructor’s responsibility to determine which performance objectives are applicable to a particular course and to develop assignments that address the objectives. However, it is ultimately each student’s responsibility to fulfill each of the performance objectives by meeting the evaluation criteria. Instructors are not required to create assignments that explicitly align with the evaluation criteria. Each student will determine which products provide the best evidence of satisfaction of the evaluation criteria. Products can include, but are not limited to, assignments from core MPA courses, assignments from elective courses, personal statements or essays developed specifically for the portfolio, or work products (provided the product was created while the student was enrolled in the MPA program). However, at least one assignment from each core MPA course must be included in the portfolio. Thus, at minimum, the portfolio must include 9 distinct products, but students are strongly encouraged to use multiple relevant products to illustrate conformance with each of the criteria; repeated use of one product to demonstrate conformance with more than one objective should be done only if necessary.

Each portfolio also will contain a substantive narrative describing the items that are included and explaining how these products demonstrate conformance with the performance objectives.

Portfolios will be archived and available for viewing by CPAP faculty, students, and anyone given explicit permission by the CPAP faculty. Additionally, students are encouraged, but not required, to make portfolios available to the public via the CPAP website.
Please note that there is no single correct template for portfolio development. Students are encouraged to review past portfolios for ideas, but not necessarily as templates for their own portfolios.

During the final semester of study, the student will enroll in PAPA 5904, which is offered each Fall and Spring semester. Prior to the first class meeting, the student should conduct a self-assessment to evaluate performance for each objective, and identify areas for improvement.
During the semester, the PAPA 5904 instructor will advise the student on determining which types of products may be most useful for satisfying each performance objective. Working with the PAPA 5904 instructor, the student will craft a written portfolio narrative and presentation, and develop a plan for ensuring conformance with the performance objectives and associated evaluative criteria that the student or the instructor identify as needing additional attention.

At the conclusion of PAPA 5904, the student will have prepared a final narrative, will have addressed any outstanding issues in demonstrating conformance, and will have developed the final portfolio.

The portfolio including the narrative will be finalized and submitted to the student’s faculty advisor and committee no later than 10 days before the last day of classes in the semester during which the student defends the portfolio.

a. Portfolio Defense
During the final week of classes, MPA committees will hold a portfolio defense meeting with each graduating student. This constitutes the MPA final exam. Students will have five to ten minutes to describe how their portfolios demonstrate satisfaction of performance objectives. The committee members and other faculty will then have 15 minutes to ask questions. Without the student present, the committee members will deliberate and reach a final exam result. The committee will inform the student of the exam result, and where appropriate, designate requirements the student must meet for developing additional actions to ensure conformance.

b. Grading
Committees will evaluate the student’s portfolio and oral defense on each of the performance objectives according to the following three possible outcomes: Pass with Distinction, Pass, or Fail.

  1. Fail: If a student receives a grade of Fail from the committee on any performance objective, the student must submit an outline for addressing this discrepancy to the committee within 48 hours. The committee chair must then agree that the plan will achieve conformance with the objective in order for the student to be declared eligible for graduation. If the committee does not declare the student eligible to graduate, the student must submit a detailed plan ensuring conformance with all performance objectives for which the committee indicated a grade of Fail. The student must submit this plan by the first day of classes in the ensuing Fall or Spring semester and register for any remaining courses, or if all other course requirements are complete request a Start of Semester Defense Exception (SSDE). The student and committee will meet within the first five weeks of the semester to discuss the plan, recommend any changes and complete the portfolio process.
  2. Pass: If the Committee passes the student on all six performance objectives, a grade of Pass for the portfolio and the final exam will be submitted, and the student will be eligible to graduate.
  3. Pass with Distinction: In order to Pass with Distinction, students must receive unanimous Pass with Distinction ratings from all committee members on all performance objectives. It is expected that few students will achieve a Pass with Distinction.
All MPA committee members are appointed by the Graduate School upon the recommendation of the CPAP chair. For each student’s committee, the committee chair (or co-chair) must be a member of the CPAP core faculty, and the committee must include three faculty members total, with a majority consisting of CPAP core faculty. CPAP faculty emeriti/ae, faculty from other departments, and adjunct faculty may serve on a student’s committee with approval of the CPAP chair. Appropriate non-faculty personnel may be recommended to the Dean of the Graduate School for inclusion on an MPA committee. Graduate students may not serve on an MPA committee. The full committee must be present for the portfolio meeting, and members must contribute to determining whether the student’s portfolio is a Fail, Pass, or Pass with Distinction.
Required Courses (27 Credit Hours)
Electives (9 credits), Internship, and Portfolio Requirement (3 Credits)
The Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) is academia’s highest degree and prepares one for research and scholarship, whether or not in affiliation with a university. The Center offers this degree for both full-time and part-time students. Many of these students are mid-career professionals who have reached a point in their professional development where they can commit the time and energy necessary to earn the Ph.D. degree. Qualified individuals just beginning their careers are also welcome. A master’s degree in a relevant field (not necessarily public administration or public policy) ordinarily is required for admission, but this requirement can be waived in exceptional cases. Those earning the CPAP MPA degree may apply for admission to the Ph.D. program as the end of the MPA work draws near.

All Ph.D. students take foundation courses in five core areas: policy, organizations, management, ethics, and theory/context. Advanced Topic courses examine topics in the core areas at a deeper level, and the two capstone seminars are a gateway to advanced research and preparation for the dissertation. Other components of the program include Measurement and Analysis Tools, Concentration Courses, the Qualifying Examination, the Prospectus Defense (Graduate School “Preliminary Exam”), and the Dissertation and defense (Graduate School “Final Exam”).

Entering students must have had courses in United States government, microeconomics, and introductory statistics. Students failing to meet this requirement must take these courses as soon as possible and must have completed them prior to enrolling in PAPA 6224. The U.S. government prerequisite may be satisfied by equivalent experience, training, or instruction. Equivalent experience is at least three years full-time work in local, state, or federal government in the U.S. This prerequisite also can be satisfied by completing the CLEP American Government exam with a score of 60 or higher. If this requirement has not been fulfilled upon entry into the program, it should be fulfilled in the first semester. Computer competency is also required.
A minimum of 90 credit hours is needed for the Doctor of Philosophy degree. A maximum of one half of the coursework, or 30 of the 60 credit hours of coursework required for the CPAP Ph.D., may be transferred from an accredited university other than Virginia Tech upon approval by two core faculty evaluating the student’s plan of study. The 60 course work credits include 18 hours of foundation courses, 15 hours of advanced topics and capstone courses, 6 hours of measurement, 9 hours of electives, and 12 hours of research concentration. These courses must correspond to the requirements of the five curriculum core areas. Students must also take 30 hours of research and dissertation credit, three hours of which must be constituted by participation in 15 sessions of the Doctoral Mentoring Program (DMP) or other activities approved by the faculty for DMP credit.
1. Foundation Courses
2. Advanced Topics Courses
3. Capstone Seminars
A basic knowledge of statistics and familiarity with computers is assumed upon admission. Students taking PAPA 6514, Public Administration and Policy Inquiry, or substitute research methods courses approved by the faculty, will be expected to use qualitative and quantitative inquiry and computing skills. If they have not already completed this coursework elsewhere, students are required to complete a graduate-level, intermediate statistics course, which covers techniques through multiple regression. Where appropriate, based on the student’s research interests and with the approval of the student’s adviser, coursework covering other techniques in advanced qualitative and quantitative analysis may be substituted for multiple regression, such as ethnographic field work, textual analysis, historical research, survey design, simulation, operations research, or mathematical programming. Students may enroll in these advanced courses prior to or while enrolled in either PAPA 6514 or PAPA 6224.
1. Focused Study
2. Concentration Lecture
FOUNDATION COURSES (18 Hours)
ADVANCED TOPICS (AT) COURSES (9 Hours)
CAPSTONE SEMINARS*
MEASUREMENT & ANALYSIS TOOLS (6 Credit Hours)
ELECTIVES (9 Credit Hours)
QUALIFYING EXAMINATION* (see Section F below)
RESEARCH CONCENTRATION* (12 Credit Hours)
DISSERTATION HOURS* (30 Credit Hours)
This examination tests the substantive knowledge, analytical ability, intellectual ability, and writing skills necessary for completing the Ph.D. in Public Administration and Public Affairs. For all Ph.D. students, the format of the exam will change effective Fall 2017.

The Qualifying Exam is designed to assess student mastery of the material covered in the six Foundation courses. Students are eligible to take the exam as soon as they have accumulated at least 21 credit hours of CPA-specific course work, which must include the 18 credit hours of foundation courses plus PAPA 6514 or its designated alternative. Students must take the exam no later than after the completion of 30 credit hours, which must include all required foundation courses plus PAPA 6514 or its designated alternative. The exam will be offered in the fall and spring semesters, and students may choose to register for the qualifying exam as soon as they meet the minimum credit hour and course threshold. The Virginia Tech Graduate Honor Code is in effect for all aspects of this examination.

Students select three of the five core areas – Complex Organizations, Ethics, Public Management, Theory and Context of Public Administration, and Public Policy – to be tested in. The qualifying examination has two parts – written and oral – but will be considered as a whole.

WRITTEN
ORAL
Overview of Qualifying Exam Process
Ph.D. candidates must write a dissertation. The dissertation is expected to make an original contribution to knowledge of the field. The student is eligible to receive the Ph.D. degree upon the successful defense of the dissertation. As a result of their course work and advising, students should have identified and discussed a dissertation advisory relationship with an appropriate faculty member by the time they begin the Capstone seminars.
1. Dissertation Committee
2. Criteria for Committee
3. The Prospectus and Prospectus Defense (“Preliminary Examination”)
4. Dissertation Defense (“Final Examination”)
The advising process constitutes a crucial dimension of the graduate experience. The advisement systems may vary somewhat between CPAP’s locations.
1. General Information about Advising
2. Assignment of Advisors
3. Transfer of Credit and Plan of Study Development
4. Doctoral Mentoring Program
As specified in the Policies of the Virginia Tech Graduate School, students may fulfill their doctoral residency requirement through two consecutive semesters of full-time enrollment. Students may also fulfill the residency requirement on the Blacksburg campus or in the National Capital via the following alternative plan, which has two components:

  1. Doctoral Mentoring Program: Participation through the completion of the Mentoring Program as described in Section H.4 above.
  2. Residency Capstone Seminar Sequence (Capstones A and B)

This is a special two-semester seminar sequence focused on the research and conceptual development of an academic paper, and the revision and continued development of the paper. The focus of the first seminar (Capstone A) is an advanced research topic demanding that students engage in intensive and original thought and analysis. Special colloquia and lecture presentations by various resource persons that follow the formal classroom sessions are also included in this program, and students are expected to attend and participate in them. During the second seminar in the sequence (Capstone B), students extensively critique and revise their manuscript from the first seminar, examine early research and developed research, learn about the publishing process, and present their work at the spring High Table conference. The final capstone requirement is to submit the manuscript for review to a journal.

University residency requirements require that National Capital Region students spend some time on the Blacksburg campus. Students enrolled in capstone seminars spend several days on the Blacksburg campus in the fall semester and in the spring semester during CPAP’s annual High Table conference.

A request for a waiver of any CPAP policy should be initially discussed by the student and his/her advisor. The request should then be presented to the CPAP chair. He or she shall use discretion to decide which, if any, of the CPAP policy making bodies should hear and decide the request. In all cases, strong and compelling evidence of both the necessity for the individual and minimal impact on the department must be presented.
A request for a waiver of any CPAP policy should be initially discussed by the student and his/her advisor. The request should then be presented to the CPAP chair. He or she shall use discretion to decide which, if any, of the CPAP policy making bodies should hear and decide the request. In all cases, strong and compelling evidence of both the necessity for the individual and minimal impact on the department must be presented.
1. The Program and Appeals Procedures at the Program and School Levels
2. The University Appeals Procedure
A. CORE FACULTY
B. NORMS FOR COURSE GRADING
C. STUDENT RESPONSIBILITIES AND GRADES
D. COMMITTEE PARTICIPATION AND MONITORING
E. CURRENCY OF POLICY GUIDELINES
SPIA and other University programs offer graduate certificates of possible interest to CPAP students. Two certificates – Homeland Security Policy and Local Government Management – are lodged in CPAP. MPA students may use certificate courses to fulfill elective requirements; one of the local government certificate courses may substitute for one of the required courses (either PAPA 6314 or PAPA 6324).
The graduate certificate in homeland security policy (12 credits) focuses on domestic security and emergency management issues. The certificate can serve either as a stand-alone credential of advanced educational achievement for non-degree students or as a supplement to a master’s or a doctoral degree. Taking four homeland security courses will introduce students to the complexity of the homeland security environment, from analyzing the terrorist threat, to considering questions of hazard mitigation, preparedness, and resilience, to investigating response and recovery strategies.

The certificate is comprised of four courses (12 hours of graduate coursework). The core courses focus on 1) threat (PAPA 5254 Homeland Security and the Terrorist Threat), 2) prevention (PAPA 6264 Advanced Topics in Policy: Homeland Security and Prevention 3) response and recovery (PAPA 5354 Homeland Security Response and Recovery). A fourth course is selected from specified electives.

MPA students may use the certificate as their concentration and reflect upon the certificate and homeland security issues in their portfolio or internship. Ph.D. students may use the certificate as a foundation for dissertation research in homeland security policy and management.

The graduate certificate in local government management (12 credits) is a set of master’s level courses designed to prepare the next generation of U.S. local government leaders including county and city managers. The certificate provides a thorough understanding of the operations of U.S. local government and the political and administrative contexts of working with elected officials, citizens, and other stakeholders. The courses are taught by current or former practitioners in Virginia local government and are available through at 12 sites throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia or at the Fairfax County Government Center. Master of Public Administration students can use the certificate courses to satisfy the 9 elective hours, and they can elect to substitute one course for either PAPA6314 (Public Budgeting Processes) or PAPA6324 (Public Personnel). (See the table below for the courses in the certificate.) An on-line version of the certificate examines local governments throughout the United States; students need permission from the program director to enroll in these on-line classes.

PAPA 5044: Local Government and the Professional Manager
PAPA 5784: Local Economic Development Planning
PAPA 6354: Human Resources, Financial and Performance Management for Local Government Managers
PAPA 6154: The Context of Local Government Management and Service Delivery

VT CPAP Contacts

Laura French, Graduate Student Coordinator (Blacksburg)
(540) 231-5133 | lhf@vt.edu

Myriam Lechuga, Graduate Student Coordinator (Washington D.C.)
(703) 706-8111 | mlechuga@vt.edu

Joe Rees, Faculty Coordinator (Richmond)
(540) 250-5632 | reesj@vt.edu

VT CPAP Locations

Blacksburg
104 Draper Rd. Blacksburg, VA 24061
Mail Code: 0520

Washington D.C.
1021 Prince Street Alexandria, VA 22314

Richmond
2810 N Parham Rd. Richmond, VA 23294

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A REGIONAL COMMUNITY  ADDRESSING GLOBAL CHALLENGES

BLACKSBURG

WASHINGTON, DC

RICHMOND

BLACKSBURG

WASHINGTON, DC

RICHMOND

BLACKSBURG

WASHINGTON, DC

RICHMOND